Cirque Pinder-Charles Spiessert, in Chanceaux-sur-Choisille, in France, was founded in 1928. Cirque Pinder-Charles Spiessert closed down in 1971.
1928: Charles Spiessert bought Pinder Circus.
1965: Total of 5 elephants; three adult: Axel, Karin, Fifi, Diamond, Sabu. Fifi was later (1969?) sold to Royan Zoo.
1965-1973:: Elephants were trained by Gösta Kruse until his death in 1973.
1971: Charles Spiessert died, and his children sold the circus to Jean Richard, who reopened it as Cirque Pinder-Jean Richard
Elephants at Circus Pinder with trainer GÃ¶sta Kruse in 1969