Relocated elephants from Firma Ruhe in Germany


Firma Ruhe had previously 152 elephants relocated to new location.

Nr Sex Species Name Id Status Arrival
Departure
Present locationImport
1 ♀ EM - Yhetoo (Yheet thoo)
EEP id: 8006
PC: Born unknown 1977 2009-01-23
1980-00-00
Belfast Zoo (Bellevue Gardens) 1980
2 † ♀ LA - Sanga
Assumed dead: Born wild 1972?
Giza Zoological Garden 1977
3 ♀ LA - Safari
EEP id: 7105
PC: Born wild 1971 1974-00-00
1974-06-08
Erfurt Zoo 1974
4 ♀ LA - Aja
EEP id: 7104
PC: Born wild 1971 1974-00-00
1974-06-08
Rhenen Zoo 1974
5 ♀ LA - Mondula (Mondy)
EEP id: 7103
PC: Born wild 1971 1974-00-00
1974-06-08
Blair Drummond Safari and Adventure Park 1974
6 † ♀ EM - Karla
EEP id: 7006
dead: Born wild 1966 Dead: 2020-11-11?, 54 yrs Reason: euthanised: leg and foot problem, (arthrosis?)
1970-06-13
Cottbus Zoo 1970?
7 † ♂ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild 1960 Dead: <1965, ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1962-05-07
1962-11-28
Circus Carl Althoff 1962
8 † ♂ LA - Douglas
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1962-05-07
1962-11-28
Circus Carl Althoff 1962
9 † ♀ LA - Kwuba
dead: Born wild Dead: 1977-00-00, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: shot
Boras Zoo 1962
10 † ♂ LA - Toto
dead: Born wild Dead: 1977-00-00, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: shot
Boras Zoo 1962
11 † ♀ LA - Clara Belle
SSP id: 25
dead: Born wild 1955 Dead: 1977-11-01, 22 yrs Reason: unknown: Musculoskeletal trauma
1957-07-28
St Louis Zoo 1957?
12 † ♂ LA - Tembo
EEP id: 5102
dead: Born wild 1951 Dead: 1977-08-30, 26 yrs Reason: euthanised: stepped on and fractured his own hindleg after anesthesia 1963-05-00
1963-05-31
Hannover Zoo 1952
13 † ♀ EM - Kithany (Kitty?)
EEP id: 2101
dead: Born wild 1921 Dead: 1978-07-10, 57 yrs Reason: age: 1932-00-00
1945-09-20
Frankfurt Zoo 1928?
14 † ♀ LA - Myntrik
EEP id: 9805
dead: Born wild 1984 Dead: 2004-01-30, 20 yrs Reason: euthanised: Positive tuberculosis trunk-wash test
1985-00-00
Peaugres Safaripark
15 † ♀ EM - Dirndl
dead: Born unknown 1966? Dead: 2004-08-25, 38 yrs Reason: unknown: 1968-00-00
1968-07-16
Kiev Zoo
16 † ♂ EM - Shenka
dead: Born wild 1959 Dead: 2007-12-23, 48 yrs Reason: disease: heart failure
1964-00-00
Circus Alberti
17 † ♂ LA - Hannibal
dead: Born captive-born 1973-03-29 Dead: 1979, 6 yrs Reason: unknown:
1973-09-29
Gänserndorf Safari Park
18 † ♀ LA - Kivu
dead: Born wild 1968 Dead: 1992-03-04, 24 yrs Reason: anesthesia: did not wake up from narcosis
1970-06-14
Vienna Zoo
19 † ♀ LA - Arusha
EEP id: 6701
dead: Born wild 1967 Dead: 2004-09-00, 37 yrs Reason: disease: poisoned from minerals
1969-05-31
Sevilla Exotic animals reserve
20 † ♀ LA - Yvonne (Ivonee, Bibi)
EEP id: 6702
dead: Born wild 1967 Dead: 2009-04-24, 42 yrs Reason: euthanised: heart attack 1969-05-20
1969-05-21
Rostock Zoo
21 † ♂ LA - Sudan
dead: Born wild 1960 Dead: <1965, ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1962-05-07
1962-11-28
Circus Carl Althoff
22 † ♀ EM - Laila
EEP id: 5808
dead: Born wild 1958 Dead: 1977, 19 yrs Reason: disease: heart failure 1960-00-00
1961-00-00
Augsburg Zoo
23 † ♀ EM - Sabu
dead: Born wild 1948 Dead: 1982-08-09, 34 yrs Reason: disease: 1960-00-00
1962-04-17
Hannover Zoo
24 † ♀ EM - Burma
dead: Born wild 1945 Dead: 1982-08-21, 37 yrs Reason: unknown: 1960-00-00
1962-04-17
Hannover Zoo
25 † ♀ EM - Baroda
EEP id: 5707
dead: Born wild 1957-10-00 Dead: 1987, 30 yrs Reason: anesthesia: anestesia 1959-08-01
1959-08-11
Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
26 † ♂ EM - Surik (Surhak)
EEP id: 5708
dead: Born unknown 1957 Dead: 2002-04-27, 45 yrs Reason: unknown: 1957-00-00
1958-12-31
Hrodna Zoo
27 † ♀ EM - Mabel
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 0000-00-00
1926-00-00
Gran Circo Union
28 † ♀ LA - Petal
SSP id: 20
dead: Born wild 1955 Dead: 2008-06-09, 53 yrs Reason: age: acute heart and lung failure after she fell on her side while sleeping 1957-00-00
1957-05-13
Philadelphia Zoo
29 † ♂ LA - Perico
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: killed: by a bison
1956-00-00
Madrid Zoo (Casa de Fieras)
30 † ♀ EM - Lollo
EEP id: 6206
dead: Born wild 1949 Dead: 1965-10-30, 16 yrs Reason: accident: fell in the dry moat
1951-00-00
Hannover Zoo
31 † ♀ EM - Big Jenny (Jennie)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1976 or 1972, ? yrs Reason: unknown: 0000-00-00
1923-00-00
Pink Elephants (Paul Kelly)
32 † ♀ EM - Kitty
EEP id: 4905
dead: Born wild 1949 Dead: 1983-01-01, 34 yrs Reason: disease: Colic 1950-00-00
1951-00-00
Augsburg Zoo
33 † ♀ EM - Carla
EEP id: 4401
dead: Born captive-born 1944-08-10 Dead: 1962-04-22, 18 yrs Reason: euthanised: mechanical abnormality in the feet 1944-09-26
1946-05-15
Dresden Zoo
34 † ♀ EM - Elsie
dead: Born wild Dead: 1959-06-09, ? yrs Reason: unknown: in Willaimsport, PA 1955-00-00
1926-00-00
Hagenbeck Brothers Circus
35 † ♀ EM - Anna May (Anna Mae)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1972, ? yrs Reason: unknown: 0000-00-00
1925-00-00
Sells and Downs Shows (Sells and Gray New United Shows)
36 † ♀ EM - Mary
dead: Born wild Dead: 1950-03-28, ? yrs Reason: disease: pneumonia
1923-00-00
Clyde Beatty Circus
37 † ♀ EM - Trilby
SSP id: T2306
dead: Born wild 1920 Dead: 1952, 32 yrs Reason: unknown:
1923-00-00
Kelly Morris Circus
38 † ♂ EM - unknown
EEP id: 4102
dead: Born wild 1938 Dead: 1976-04-28, 38 yrs Reason: unknown: 1941-01-01
1941-07-27
Menagerie du Paris Jardin des Plantes
39 † ♀ EM - Alice
SSP id: 624
dead: Born wild Dead: 1971-06-00, ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1925-00-00
1925-00-00
Atlanta Zoo
40 † ♀ EM - Hannolore
EEP id: 3701
dead: Born captive-born 1938-09-05 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1938-09-08
Firma Ruhe
41 † ♀ EM - Henny
EEP id: 3704
dead: Born wild 1937 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1937-01-01
1937-00-00
Firma Ruhe
42 † ♀ EM - Katie (Little Katie)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1940-02-21, ? yrs Reason: accident: fire 0000-00-00
1923-00-00
Cole Brothers Circus
43 † ♀ EM - Sumatra
dead: Born wild 1914 Dead: 1959, 45 yrs Reason: disease: rheumatism 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Zlin Lesna-Got Zoo
44 † ♂ EM - Borneo (Buldiu)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1943, ? yrs Reason: disease: Elephant TB (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Munich Zoo
45 † ♀ EM - Venus
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
46 † ♀ EM - Java
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
47 † ♀ EM - Diana
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
48 † ♀ EM - Ceylon
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
49 † ♀ EM - Bombay
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
50 † ♀ EM - Baby
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
51 † ♂ EM - Bosco
dead: Born wild Dead: 1953, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: shot in Augsburg 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Barlay (Olympia, Berolina)
52 † ♀ EM - Kas
dead: Born wild Dead: 1942, ? yrs Reason: accident: menagerie fire
1909-00-00
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
53 † ♀ LA - Puppe
dead: Born wild 1929 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1932-05-00
Firma Ruhe
54 † ♀ LC - Gympy
SSP id: 309
dead: Born wild 1929 Dead: 1954-04-23, 25 yrs Reason: unknown: 1931-00-00
1932-00-00
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
55 † ♂ LA - Buby (Bubi)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1930, ? yrs Reason: disease: illness 1920-00-00
1920-00-00
Circus Kludsky
56 † ♀ EM - Mabel
dead: Born unknown 1963 Dead: 2002-06-17, 39 yrs Reason: unknown:
Arnhem Zoo (Burgers Zoo)
57 † ♀ EM - Suma (Rhani)
EEP id: 7308
dead: Born captive-born 1973-06-28 Dead: 1975, 2 yrs Reason: unknown:
1974-12-20
Circus Carl Althoff
58 † ♀ EM - Dacca
dead: Born wild 1967 Dead: 1986-07-04, 19 yrs Reason: disease: intoxication
1972-11-10
Magdeburg Zoo
59 † ♀ EM - Sari
dead: Born wild 1967 Dead: 1983-07-15, 16 yrs Reason: accident: fell into the dry moat
1972-06-23
Magdeburg Zoo
60 † ♂ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild 1960 Dead: <1965, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1962-01-30
Circus Carl Althoff
61 † ♀ EM - Kati
EEP id: 5906
dead: Born wild 1958 Dead: 1972-01-02, 14 yrs Reason: euthanised: elephant smallpox
1961-06-21
Magdeburg Zoo
62 † ♀ LC - Jambo II
dead: Born wild 1955 Dead: 1982-05-18, 27 yrs Reason: unknown: circulatory failure
Berlin Zoo
63 † ♀ EM - Nina
dead: Born wild Dead: 1965, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1960-00-00
Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
64 † ♀ EM - Kika
dead: Born wild Dead: 1960-05-21, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1959-00-00
Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
65 † ♀ EM - Nelly
dead: Born wild Dead: 1956?, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: aggressive, shot in trainwagon in Moscow
1935-00-00
Zoocentrum Moskwa (Objed)
66 † ♀ EM - Linda
dead: Born wild Dead: 1958, ? yrs Reason: disease: poisoned
1956-00-00
Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
67 † ♀ EM - Bambi
dead: Born wild 1952 Dead: 1977, 25 yrs Reason: euthanised: foot cancer
1955-00-00
Tierpark Berlin
68 † ♀ EM - Calcutta II
EEP id: 3607
dead: Born wild Dead: 1957-04-18, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1936-00-00
Paris Zoo Vincennes
69 † ♀ EM - Mary
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
70 † ♀ LA - Matadi
dead: Born wild Dead: 1943, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1931-00-00
Munich Zoo
71 † ♂ LA - Shari
dead: Born wild Dead: 1945, ? yrs Reason: disease: infection because of bombings of the elephant house
1931-00-00
Munich Zoo
72 † ♂ LA - Carl
dead: Born wild 1921 Dead: 1935, 14 yrs Reason: disease: intestinal
1924-00-00
Berlin Zoo
73 † ♂ EM - Don
dead: Born wild Dead: 1923-09-23, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: aggressive, bolted, shot by local farmers
1923-00-00
William P Hall Animal Farm
74 † ♀ EM - Kechil
SSP id: 483
dead: Born wild 1915 Dead: 1947-10-29, 32 yrs Reason: unknown:
1918-12-10
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
75 † ♂ LC - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: 1917-06-23, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1914-07-28
Berlin Zoo
76 † ♀ EM - Mo
dead: Born wild Dead: 1928, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1909-00-00
Sells-Floto Circus
77 † ♂ EM - Tony
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1908-00-00
M.L. Clark Wagon Show
78 † ♂ EM - Alfeld
EEP id: 3805
dead: Born wild Dead: 1938, ? yrs Reason: accident: electrocuted at train station in Freising, Munich 1934-02-00
Circus Barlay (Olympia, Berolina)
79 † ♂ EM - Piccolo
dead: Born wild 1923 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Unknown
80 † ♀ EM - Bibi?
Assumed dead: Born unknown
Unknown
81 ♀ EM - Nicole
SSP id: 196
FC: Born unknown 1976 1980-05-00
1980-00-00
San Antonio Zoo
82 ♂ LA - Calimero
EEP id: 8003
PC: Born wild 1980
1982-06-05
Beekse Bergen Safaripark
83 ♀ EM - Babe Sh-Bang (Bonnie)
SSP id: 197
FC: Born wild 1976
1980-00-00
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
84 ♀ LA - Lilak
EEP id: 7106
PC: Born wild 1971
1974-05-30
Kronberg Opel Zoo
85 ♀ LA - Tonga (Rambo)
EEP id: 8604
PC: Born wild 1985
1988-06-10
Vienna Zoo
86 † ♀ LA - Sabi
EEP id: 8404
dead: Born wild 1984 Dead: 2018-01-02, 34 yrs Reason: euthanised: constipation
Rhenen Zoo
87 ♀ LA - Kariba
PC: Born wild 1985
Pakawi Park (Olmense Zoo)
88 † ♀ EM - Shiva
EEP id: 8404
dead: Born unknown 1972 Dead: 1993-09-21, 21 yrs Reason: disease: anorexia and foot problems?
Cricket St Thomas Wildlife Park
89 ♀ EM - Pinky
EEP id: 8105
PC: Born wild 1966
1981-00-00
Arnhem Zoo (Burgers Zoo)
90 ♀ EM - Bangko (Bangkok)
SSP id: 115
FC: Born wild 1976 1980-00-00
1980-00-00
Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Center for Elephant Conservation
91 ♀ EM - Siam II
SSP id: 107
FC: Born wild 1978
1980-00-00
Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Center for Elephant Conservation
92 ♀ EM - Louise
EEP id: 7705
FC: Born wild 1973
1977-09-03
Augsburg Zoo
93 † ♀ LA - Duala
dead: Born wild Dead: 1985, ? yrs Reason: killed: attacked by an asian elephant
1977-00-00
Krefeld Zoo
94 † ♀ LA - Udgi
SSP id: 366
dead: Born wild 1974 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1977-00-00
U.S.A. unspecified location
95 † ♀ LA - Tessa
SSP id: 345
dead: Born wild 1969 Dead: 2009-06-13, 40 yrs Reason: killed: injury caused from exhibit mate
Toronto Zoo
96 † ♀ LA - Dashi (Dagi)
EEP id: 6802
dead: Born wild 1968 Dead: 2016-09-18, 48 yrs Reason: euthanised: collapsed 1969-00-00
1969-12-17
Tierpark Berlin
97 † ♀ LA - Sara
EEP id: 6201
dead: Born wild 1962-00-00 Dead: 2013-11-20, 51 yrs Reason: euthanised: cancer 1964-00-00
1964-09-08
Rostock Zoo
98 † ♀ LA - Iringa
dead: Born wild 1952 Dead: 1974-09-10, 22 yrs Reason: maternal death: 1963-05-00
1963-05-00
Hannover Zoo
99 † ♀ LA - Maybelle
SSP id: 32
dead: Born wild 1960 Dead: 2004-04-22, 44 yrs Reason: unknown:
1962-00-00
San Francisco Zoo
100 † ♀ LA - Judy
SSP id: 36
dead: Born wild 1960 Dead: 1967-11-16, 7 yrs Reason: unknown:
1961-00-00
San Francisco Zoo
101 † ♂ EM - Moti (Mohti)
EEP id: 6203
SSP id: 751
dead: Born wild 1948 Dead: 1973-05-24, 25 yrs Reason: anesthesia: tuberculosis 1960-00-00
1962-04-17
Hannover Zoo
102 † ♀ LA - Penny
SSP id: 17
dead: Born wild 1954 Dead: 2001-09-18, 47 yrs Reason: disease: infection associated; mechanical abnormality 1956-03-00
1956-06-22
Omahas Henry Doorly Zoo
103 † ♀ LA - Nancy
SSP id: 18
dead: Born wild 1953 Dead: 2000-08-23, 47 yrs Reason: euthanised: Post mortum: Tuberculosis 1956-00-00
1956-09-18
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
104 † ♀ LA - Shara
SSP id: 319
dead: Born wild 1955 Dead: 1969-03-05, 14 yrs Reason: disease: infection associated; respiratory bacterial 1956-00-00
1956-06-27
Detroit Zoo
105 † ♀ LA - Irish (Arusha)
SSP id: 315
dead: Born wild 1946 Dead: 1982-03-30, 36 yrs Reason: disease: Infection associated generalized bacterial - incinerated 1949-00-00
1951-08-14
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
106 † ♀ EM - Birma II
EEP id: 1801
dead: Born wild 1918 Dead: 1981-09-12, 63 yrs Reason: age: 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Ruhr Zoo, Gelsenkirchen
107 † ♀ EM - Big Burma (Virginia)
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1921-00-00
1921-00-00
Gran Circo Union
108 † ♀ EM - Mini
EEP id: 3510
dead: Born wild 1935 Dead: 1944-11-02, 9 yrs Reason: unknown:
1939-05-09
Dusseldorf Zoo (Zoologischen Garten Dusseldorf)
109 † ♀ EM - Lady
SSP id: 576
dead: Born wild 1937 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1942-07-06
Pink Elephants (Paul Kelly)
110 † ♀ EM - Puncha
EEP id: 3003
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1939-00-00
Firma Ruhe
111 † ♀ EM - Mary
EEP id: 3516
dead: Born wild Dead: 1945-03-00, ? yrs Reason: disease: poison 1939-00-00
1939-12-00
Halle Zoo
112 † ♂ EM - August
EEP id: 3602
dead: Born captive-born 1936-08-08 Dead: 1953-07-31, 17 yrs Reason: euthanised: shot by director Heinz Heck 1939-04-00
1939-05-09
Munich Zoo
113 † ♀ EM - Dora
EEP id: 3511
dead: Born wild 1935 Dead: 1945-11-10, 10 yrs Reason: unknown:
1939-05-09
Straubing Zoo (Tiergarten Straubing)
114 † ♀ EM - Buka
EEP id: 3512
dead: Born wild 1935 Dead: 1945-02-15, 10 yrs Reason: unknown:
1939-05-09
Straubing Zoo (Tiergarten Straubing)
115 † ♀ EM - Mary
EEP id: 3509
dead: Born wild 1935? Dead: 1944/1945?, 9 yrs Reason: unknown:
1939-05-09
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
116 † ♀ EM - Birma I (Hamburg, Hamburk)
EEP id: 0502
dead: Born wild 1905-00-00 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1935-01-01
1938-08-08
Firma Ruhe
117 † ♀ EM - Jenny II
EEP id: 3606
dead: Born wild 1911 Dead: 1943-11-22, 32 yrs Reason: accident: elephant house was bombed 1938-12-00
1938-12-00
Firma Ruhe
118 † ♀ EM - Kelly
EEP id: 991
dead: Born wild 1899 Dead: 1945-04-01, 46 yrs Reason: unknown: 1937-00-00
1937-04-00
Nuremberg Zoo
119 † ♂ LC - Caesar (Cäsar)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1945-03-30, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: shot
1937-07-13
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
120 † ♀ EM - Vi
SSP id: 572
dead: Born wild 1935 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1936-12-18
Pink Elephants (Paul Kelly)
121 † ♀ EM - Marian
SSP id: 600
dead: Born wild 1934-12-00 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1936-00-00
1936-12-18
Pink Elephants (Paul Kelly)
122 † ♀ EM - Clarabelle
SSP id: 601
dead: Born wild 1932 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1935-06-15
Pink Elephants (Paul Kelly)
123 † ♂ EM - Bhutan
EEP id: 3002
dead: Born wild Dead: 1939-02-00, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: aggressive, shot on tour in Mannheim by Heinz Heck 1934-02-00
1935-05-00
Circus Barlay (Olympia, Berolina)
124 † ♀ EM - Zohra
EEP id: 3401
dead: Born captive-born 1933-10-00 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1934-02-00
1934-03-07
Unknown
125 † ♀ EM - Mouly (Molly)
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
126 † ♂ EM - Charly
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
127 † ♀ EM - Nelly
EEP id: 2403
dead: Born wild 1924 Dead: 1951-04-12, 27 yrs Reason: unknown: 1933-00-00
1934-01-01
Rotterdam Zoo (Diergaarde Blijdorp)
128 † ♀ EM - Aida
EEP id: 3404
dead: Born wild 1923 Dead: 1943-11-22, 20 yrs Reason: accident: elephant house was bombed
1934-00-00
Berlin Zoo
129 † ♂ EM - Jumbo (Jambo)
EEP id: 2102
dead: Born wild 1924 Dead: 1945-03-30, 21 yrs Reason: : shot
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
130 † ♂ EM - Chang I
EEP id: 2402
dead: Born wild 1924 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1932-05-01
1932-05-02
Firma Ruhe
131 † ♀ LA - Sudana
SSP id: 307
dead: Born wild 1927 Dead: 1962-08-11, 35 yrs Reason: euthanised: arthtritis 1930-00-00
1931-11-09
Bronx Zoo
132 † ♀ EM - Ponti
EEP id: 0704
dead: Born wild 1907? Dead: 1931-06-08, 24 yrs Reason: : 1927-01-00
1927-04-29
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
133 † ♀ EM - Pitu
EEP id: 2003
dead: Born wild 1915 Dead: 1945-03-30, 30 yrs Reason: euthanised: shot 1927-01-00
1927-04-29
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
134 † ♂ EM - Hitam
EEP id: 2501
dead: Born wild 1925 Dead: 1930-04-01, 5 yrs Reason: euthanised: 1927-01-00
1927-04-29
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
135 † ♀ EM - Nelly II (Baby)
dead: Born unknown 1925-03-00 Dead: 1941-10-04, 16 yrs Reason: unknown:
1926-04-28
Leipzig Zoo
136 † ♀ EM - Benga
dead: Born wild 1910-1915 Dead: 1941-10-18, 31 yrs Reason: unknown:
1926-04-28
Leipzig Zoo
137 † ♀ EM - Mariska
EEP id: 2002
dead: Born wild 1920 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1924-01-00
1924-06-01
Unknown
138 † ♂ EM - Omar
EEP id: 1904
dead: Born wild 1919 Dead: 1957-01-07, 38 yrs Reason: unknown: 1924-00-00
1924-05-16
Leipzig Zoo
139 † ♂ EM - Albert
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: disease: pneumonia
1923-00-00
Ketrow Brothers Circus
140 † ♀ EM - Pearl (Babe)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1937-08-02, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1908-00-00
Al G Barnes-Sells Floto Circus
141 † ♂ EM - Jumbo
EEP id: 0702
dead: Born wild 1907 Dead: 1953-03-10, 46 yrs Reason: shot: shot with rifle. Cronic pericaditis and penumonia, ,cardiovascular Bacterial 1909-00-00
1910-00-00
Copenhagen Zoo
142 ♀ EM - Icky II
SSP id: 199
FC: Born wild 1978 1980-00-00
1980-00-00
Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Center for Elephant Conservation
143 † ♀ EM - Mona
SSP id: 578
dead: Born wild 1942 Dead: 1975-04-00, 33 yrs Reason: unknown:
1974-10-22
King Animaland Park
144 † ♀ EM - Mary
SSP id: 577
dead: Born wild 1941 Dead: 1975-04, 34 yrs Reason: unknown:
1974-10-22
King Animaland Park
145 † ♂ LA - Mopani
dead: Born 1972 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Berlin Zoo
146 † ♀ EM - Tina
EEP id: 6107
dead: Born wild 1959-00-00 Dead: 2012-06-26, 53 yrs Reason: age:
Munich Zoo
147 † ♀ EM - Honey
SSP id: 553
dead: Born wild 1938 Dead: 1953-07-16, 15 yrs Reason: disease: arthritis
1942-06-06
St Louis Zoo
148 † ♀ EM - Tanzy (Olentangy)
SSP id: 573
dead: Born wild 1937 Dead: 1974-10-07, 37 yrs Reason: disease: acute bacterial pnemonia, intestinal inflammation
1939-07-06
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
149 † ♀ EM - Rani
EEP id: 3205
dead: Born wild Dead: 1935-10-11, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1932-06-06
Zurich Zoo
150 ♀ EM - Alana
SSP id: 198
FC: Born unknown 1976 1980-00-00
Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Center for Elephant Conservation
151 † ♀ EM - Penny
SSP id: 574
dead: Born wild 1939 Dead: 1961-08-12, 22 yrs Reason: unknown:
Fort Worth Zoo
152 † ♀ EM - Hitam
SSP id: 484
dead: Born wild 1916 Dead: 1925-06-26, 9 yrs Reason: shot: sarcoma of the stomach
1918-12-10
Smithsonian National Zoological Park

Source for the list of elephants relocated, previously living at Firma Ruhe

Reference list

Facts about previously kept elephants, relocated from Firma Ruhe in Germany, Elephant Encyclopedia, Koehl, D. (2021), available online retrieved 19 August 2022 at https://www.elephant.se/location2.php?location_id=310 (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this list:

Latest updateName of elephantSource (if it is a website, the target website will open in new window)
2021-03-05 Shenka:• Jan Jacobi, Germany
2021-01-03 Birma II:• Page 90-93,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• Stephanie Wroben, Raesfeld
•  http://www.schueling.com/forum/forum.php?&go=view&BeitragsID=565&thema=&subthema=&subsub= through Michael Mettler.
2020-10-17 Dirndl:• Henning Wiesner, Munich Zoo
•  87-year history of elephants maintenance in Kyiv Zoo, Ukraine, by Kirill Trantin, Kiev Zoo
2020-10-14 Sanga:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 17/2010, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-10-12 Sudan:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-10-12 unknown:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-10-12 Douglas:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-10-12 unknown:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-09-09 Hannibal:• Peter Stolk
2020-08-26 Lilak:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
•  https://www.hessenschau.de/panorama/zwei-neue-elefanten-im-opel-zoo,kurz-elefanten-100.html
2020-05-19 Jambo II:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
•  Jan Jakobi, Germany
•  A round-eared elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis Mtsch.) in Berlin Zoo. By Wolfgang Gewalt (12. 3. 1966), International Journal of Mammalian Biology V. 31 (1966)
2020-05-06 Louise:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2018-11-12 Karla:• https://www.wochenkurier.info/suedbrandenburg/cottbus/artikel/elefantin-karla-lebt-nicht-mehr-78825/
2018-10-20 Caesar (Cäsar):• Filipe von Gilsa, Wuppertal Zoo
• p. 92,
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by European Elephant Group
•  Leszek Solski
2018-10-19 Mondula (Mondy):• Chris Lucas, Blair Drummond Safari Park, United Kingdom
2018-06-15 Calimero:• Height: Henry Merker, Tiergarten-Forum
2018-05-29 Yhetoo (Yheet thoo):• Wolfgang Nehring, Krefeld Zoo, Germany
• Ryan Easley, USA
•  Former Circus Elephants Due at Belfast Zoo, 2009-04-02
2018-05-10 Aja:• Gerald Postma, Netherlands
• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2018-05-07 Shiva:• Pertii Sariola
•  Dan Koehl
•  Martina Nagy
•  Elefanten - Mein Leben, by Karl Kock
2018-05-04 Icky II:• Ryan Easley, USA
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2018-05-04 Alana:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2018-04-09 Pinky:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
•  Jos Breukers, 2013
2018-03-14 Kariba:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
•  Torben Klöfkorn, Zoo in der Wingst
2018-03-14 Mopani:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
•  Torben Klöfkorn, Zoo in der Wingst
2018-03-02 Sabi:• Marcus Linder, Augsburg Zoo
• 
•  Jaroslav Vanecek
2017-03-09 Shari:• p. 94-95,
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2017-03-09 Tembo:• Dr. Peter Dollinger, Zoo Office Bern, Switzerland
•  Height: Henry Merker, Tiergarten-Forum
•  Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
• http://www.onlinereports.ch/OEkologie.113+M50ad948cb36.0.html
2017-03-08 Tonga (Rambo):• Dan Koehl
• Jutta Kirchner, Vienna
2016-10-10 Dashi (Dagi):• http://annettb.blogspot.se/2016/09/groe-trauer-im-tierpark.html
•  Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2016-08-30 Nicole:• http://welovelucky.com/
•  http://www.eswr.com/docs/Ringling/463-4.pdf
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
•  "Dallas spa helps circus elephant Nichole look her best", Elephant-News.com, 2007-08-02
2016-06-09 Siam II:• http://mythoughtsideasandramblings.com/2011/10/13/ringling-bros-barnum-bailey/
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2016-06-09 Bangko (Bangkok):• https://www.ringlingelephantcenter.com/
•  http://mythoughtsideasandramblings.com/2011/10/13/ringling-bros-barnum-bailey/
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2016-01-24 Honey:• Buckles WebLog
• Ryan Easley, USA
2016-01-24 Vi:• Ryan Easley, USA
2016-01-05 Moti (Mohti):• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
• Peter Stolk
• Kein Tag ohne Abenteuer. Tiere und ihre Pfleger, by Gerhard Gronefeld
2015-12-29 Kwuba:• Wolfgang Nehring, Krefeld, Germany
2014-04-27 Babe Sh-Bang (Bonnie):• Ryan Easley, USA
• Mandy Turnbull, Niabi Zoo
•  Tons of Fun Winning Entry in the "Name Babe" Contest Announced, 2000-08-30
•  Animal group turns on Niabi after elephant death, 2007-12-04
•  Buckles Web Log, Zoo Krefeld #2, 2007-08-05
2013-11-23 Sara:• The African Forest Elephant and its status in captivity. Part 1: Europe, by Don Cousins, International Zoo News No. 251 (41/2) March 1994. Online list at http://www.zoochat.com/2/african-forest-elephants-completely-gone-zoos-215250/index2.html
2013-07-21 Kithany (Kitty?):• Page 107, Documentation 2002 - Elephants in European Zoos and Safari Parks published by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2013-04-28 Mouly (Molly):• Christian Hamel, France
2012-10-16 Albert:• http://circusnospin.blogspot.se/2012/10/unknown_7820.html
•  Leland L. Antes, Jr. Bandwagon, Vol. 14, No. 4 (Jul-Aug), 1970, pp. 4-11.
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Chang Reynolds files @ CWM.
2012-07-01 Tina:• http://www.tz-online.de/aktuelles/muenchen-sued/elefanten-oma-tina-eingeschlaefert-2367278.html
•  Elisabeth Hiendl
2012-06-16 Nelly:• Page 226, 227 Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
2012-06-16 Zohra:• Jens Madsen, Copenhagen
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2012-06-16 Bhutan:• Page 207 Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
• "Život v manéži" by Karel Kludský, Václav Cibula, (through Jana Havlová)
• Page 98,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2012-06-16 Puncha:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2012-06-16 Mary:• Page 226, 227 Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
• Martin Wobruba, Pilzen, Czech republic.
• EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by European Elephant Group
2012-06-16 Mini:• Page 226, 227 Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
2012-06-16 Dora:• Page 226, 227 Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
2012-06-16 Buka:• Page 226, 227 Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
2012-06-16 Mary:• Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
2012-06-16 August:• Page 226, 227 Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
• li>
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2012-06-16 Jenny II:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2012-06-16 Pitu:• EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by European Elephant Group
2012-06-15 Jumbo (Jambo):• EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by European Elephant Group
2012-06-13 Birma I (Hamburg, Hamburk):• Christian Hamel, France
•  "Život v manéži" by Karel Kludský, Václav Cibula, (through Jana Havlová)
• Page 90-91,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
• Jens Madsen, Copenhagen
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2012-06-13 Jumbo:• Jens Madsen, Copenhagen, Denmark
• Elefanter i Köpenhavns Zoologisk Haave siden 1878, by Henning, Copenhagen, Denmark
2012-06-13 Omar:• Page 218, 219 Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
• Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
2012-05-23 Lady:• Buckles WebLog
2012-04-17 Pearl (Babe):• Homer C. Walton. Bandwagon, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Mar-Apr), 1965, pp. 4-11.
2012-04-06 Tessa:• Wayne Jackson, Canada.
•  "Gentlest elephant" dies at Toronto Zoo", Elephant-News.com, 2009-06-14
•  http://www.thestar.com/news/article/938855--stay-or-pack-their-trunks
2012-03-07 Iringa:• Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
2012-01-16 Sudana:• Richard Chiger
2011-09-07 Nancy:• J. C. Danzansky, Washington Zoo
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2011-03-07 Maybelle:• http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2004/04/23/BAGJM69TSB1.DTL
2011-02-21 Tanzy (Olentangy):• http://www.dispatch.com/live/content/local_news/stories/2011/02/18/zoo-seeks-answers-in-death-of-coco.html?sid=101
2011-01-12 Benga:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
•  *Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Garten Leipzig 1984
2011-01-12 Nelly II (Baby):•  Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Garten Leipzig 1984
•  Peter Stolk, Netherlands
• Jonas Livet, France
2010-10-01 Big Burma (Virginia):• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• Burma, a Four-Legged Debutante, By Harry M. Simpson. Bandwagon, Vol. 4, July, 1956, pp. 8-9. http://books.google.com/books?id=wB8EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA59&dq=new+orleans+zoo+elephant&hl=en&ei=MyOmTOqXLsH-8Aaf3ozNAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=book-preview-link&resnum=1&ved=0CDAQuwUwADgy#v=onepage&q=new%20orleans%20zoo%20elephant&f=false
2010-09-26 Mabel:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/09/tex-carson-circus-1.html
2010-09-25 Surik (Surhak):• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2010-09-25 Anna May (Anna Mae):• Buckles Woodcock
2010-09-25 Katie (Little Katie):• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  A History of the Cole Bros. Circus 1935-40 by Joseph T. Bradbury. Bandwagon, Vol. 9, No. 5 (Sep-Oct), 1965, pp. 4-8.
2010-09-25 Mary:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Chang Reynolds. Bandwagon, Vol. 13, No. 3 (May-Jun), 1969, pp. 10-19.
2010-09-25 Big Jenny (Jennie):• *
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Buckles Web Log, Cole Bros. Circus- Johnstown, Pa. 1945 #1
•  A History of the Cole Bros.
2010-09-25 Trilby:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2010-09-25 Don:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2010-09-23 Buby (Bubi):• Könige der Manege by Rudolf Kludsky (in german)
• "Život v manéži" by Karel Kludský, Václav Cibula, (through Jana Havlová)
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2010-05-19 Sumatra:• Christian Hamel, France
•  "Život v manéži" by Karel Kludský, Václav Cibula, (through Jana Havlová)
• Elephants from CR and SR (Zoo Usti nad Labem)
• Link to the magazine with the cited article, page 28: http://www.zlin.eu/upload.cs/5/5f822aa4_8_zm_zari_09.pdf
2010-05-19 Bosco:• Christian Hamel, France
•  Page 98,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2010-05-19 Mary:• Christian Hamel, France
•  "Život v manéži" by Karel Kludský, Václav Cibula, (through Jana Havlová)
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2010-05-19 Java:• Christian Hamel, France
2010-05-19 Bombay:• Christian Hamel, France
2010-05-19 Diana:• Christian Hamel, France
2010-05-19 Venus:• Christian Hamel, France
2010-05-19 Ceylon:• Christian Hamel, France
2010-05-19 Baby:• Christian Hamel, France
2010-05-12 Kas:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  https://classic.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/bw-1964Mar.htm
2010-05-12 Mo:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2010-04-16 Alfeld:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2010-04-16 Gympy:• page 176 Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
• Greetings From Cincinnati, Cincinnati Zoo
2010-04-10 Hannolore:• Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• Page 83,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2010-04-08 Nelly:• Page 139-141,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2009-11-29 Myntrik:• Kolmarden Zoo records, Sven Mellgren
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2009-11-11 Carla:• Page 93,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2009-11-11 Piccolo:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2009-11-11 Borneo (Buldiu):• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2009-10-31 Puppe:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2009-10-18 Arusha:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2009-10-18 Kati:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2009-10-18 Sari:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2009-10-18 Dacca:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2009-09-27 Lollo:• Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
2009-09-27 unknown:• Jonas Livet, France
2009-09-27 Laila:• Documentation 2002 - Elephants in European Zoos and Safari Parks published by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-09-27 Calcutta II:• Jonas Livet, France
2009-09-16 Burma:• Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
• Peter Stolk
• Kein Tag ohne Abenteuer. Tiere und ihre Pfleger, by Gerhard Gronefeld
2009-09-16 Sabu:• Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
• Peter Stolk
• Kein Tag ohne Abenteuer. Tiere und ihre Pfleger, by Gerhard Gronefeld
2009-09-10 Kivu:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
2009-04-26 Yvonne (Ivonee, Bibi):• Dr. Helmut Mägdefrau, Vice director, Zoo Nürnberg
• Copenhagen Zoo through Stefan Aspegren 2008
• Jens Madsen, Copenhagen
• Ryan Easley, USA
• "Rostock trauert um seine Elefantendame Bibi", Elephant-News.com, 2009-04-24
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2009-03-07 Kitty:• Documentation 2002 - Elephants in European Zoos and Safari Parks published by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-03-07 Bambi:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
• Documentation 2002 - Elephants in European Zoos and Safari Parks published by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2008-12-24 Clara Belle:• Ryan Easley, USA
2008-12-18 Petal:• Philadelphia Zoo elephant Petal dies
2008-10-12 Alice:• A History of the Cole Bros. Circus 1935-40 by Joseph T. Bradbury. Bandwagon, Vol. 9, No. 5 (Sep-Oct), 1965, pp. 4-8.
2008-09-02 Bibi?:• 2008: John Steigman, Copenhagen Zoo, through Stefan Aspegren
2008-08-28 Suma (Rhani):• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2008-06-23 unknown:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2008-06-23 Carl:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2008-05-21 Elsie:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2008-03-31 Matadi:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2008-02-08 Mabel:• Gerald Postma, Netherlands
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2007-07-17 Tony:• Homer C. Walton. Bandwagon, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Mar-Apr), 1965, pp. 4-11.
2007-04-20 Kechil:• http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/393d647e4-08c9-412f-a0db-9b30a850b8f0
2007-04-20 Hitam:• http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/321fd7ade-5140-4529-8af5-9ba29d0db7ec
•  Wild Animals in and out of the Zoo by William M. Mann


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