Relocated elephants from Firma Ruhe in Germany


Firma Ruhe had previously 149 elephants relocated to new location.  

Nr Id Name - stud nr.
Species - Sex
Status Origin
Birth
Age Arrival
Departure
Present locationImport
1 EEP id: 8006
Yhetoo (Yheet thoo) EM - F PC unknown
1977
44 2009-01-23
1980-00-00
Belfast Zoo (Bellevue Gardens) 1980
2Sanga LA - F Assumed dead wild
1972?
49
Giza Zoological Garden 1977
3 EEP id: 7105
Safari LA - F PC wild
1971
50 1974-00-00
1974-06-08
Erfurt Zoo 1974
4 EEP id: 7104
Aja LA - F PC wild
1971
50 1974-00-00
1974-06-08
Rhenen Zoo 1974
5 EEP id: 7103
Mondula (Mondy) LA - F PC wild
1971
50 1974-00-00
1974-06-08
Blair Drummond Safari and Adventure Park 1974
6 EEP id: 7006
Karla EM - F dead : 2020-11-11?
euthanised: leg and foot problem, (arthrosis?)
wild
1966
54
1970-06-13
Cottbus Zoo 1970?
7unknown LA - M dead : <1965
unknown:
wild
1960
-1960 1962-05-07
1962-11-28
Circus Carl Althoff 1962
8Douglas LA - M dead :
unknown:
wild
0 1962-05-07
1962-11-28
Circus Carl Althoff 1962
9 SSP id: 25
Clara Belle LA - F dead : 1977-11-01
unknown: Musculoskeletal trauma
wild
1955
22
1957-07-28
St Louis Zoo 1957?
10 EEP id: 5102
Tembo LA - M dead : 1977-08-30
euthanised: stepped on and fractured his own hindleg after anesthesia
wild
1951
26 1963-05-00
1963-05-31
Hannover Zoo 1952
11 EEP id: 2101
Kithany (Kitty?) EM - F dead : 1978-07-10
age:
wild
1921
57 1932-00-00
1945-09-20
Frankfurt Zoo 1928?
12 EEP id: 9805
Myntrik LA - F dead : 2004-01-30
euthanised: Positive tuberculosis trunk-wash test
wild
1984
20
1985-00-00
Peaugres Safaripark
13Dirndl EM - F dead : 2004-08-25
unknown:
unknown
1966?
38 1968-00-00
1968-07-16
Kiev Zoo
14Hannibal LA - M dead : 1979
unknown:
captive-born
1973-03-29
6
1973-09-29
Gänserndorf Safari Park
15Kivu LA - F dead : 1992-03-04
anesthesia: did not wake up from narcosis
wild
1968
24
1970-06-14
Vienna Zoo
16 EEP id: 6701
Arusha LA - F dead : 2004-09-00
disease: poisoned from minerals
wild
1967
37
1969-05-31
Sevilla Exotic animals reserve
17 EEP id: 6702
Yvonne (Ivonee, Bibi) LA - F dead : 2009-04-24
euthanised: heart attack
wild
1967
42 1969-05-20
1969-05-21
Rostock Zoo
18Sudan LA - M dead : <1965
unknown:
wild
1960
-1960 1962-05-07
1962-11-28
Circus Carl Althoff
19 EEP id: 5808
Laila EM - F dead : 1977
disease: heart failure
wild
1958
19 1960-00-00
1961-00-00
Augsburg Zoo
20Sabu EM - F dead : 1982-08-09
disease:
wild
1948
34 1960-00-00
1962-04-17
Hannover Zoo
21Burma EM - F dead : 1982-08-21
unknown:
wild
1945
37 1960-00-00
1962-04-17
Hannover Zoo
22 EEP id: 5707
Baroda EM - F dead : 1987
anesthesia: anestesia
wild
1957-10-00
30 1959-08-01
1959-08-11
Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
23 EEP id: 5708
Surik (Surhak) EM - M dead : 2002-04-27
unknown:
unknown
1957
45 1957-00-00
1958-12-31
Hrodna Zoo
24Mabel EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
0 0000-00-00
1926-00-00
Gran Circo Union
25 SSP id: 20
Petal LA - F dead : 2008-06-09
age: acute heart and lung failure after she fell on her side while sleeping
wild
1955
53 1957-00-00
1957-05-13
Philadelphia Zoo
26Perico LA - M dead :
killed: by a bison
wild
0
1956-00-00
Madrid Zoo (Casa de Fieras)
27 EEP id: 6206
Lollo EM - F dead : 1965-10-30
accident: fell in the dry moat
wild
1949
16
1951-00-00
Hannover Zoo
28Big Jenny (Jennie) EM - F dead : 1976 or 1972
unknown:
wild
? 0000-00-00
1923-00-00
Paul Kelly
29 EEP id: 4905
Kitty EM - F dead : 1983-01-01
disease: Colic
wild
1949
34 1950-00-00
1951-00-00
Augsburg Zoo
30 EEP id: 4401
Carla EM - F dead : 1962-04-22
euthanised: mechanical abnormality in the feet
captive-born
1944-08-10
18 1944-09-26
1946-05-15
Dresden Zoo
31Elsie EM - F dead : 1959-06-09
unknown: in Willaimsport, PA
wild
? 1955-00-00
1926-00-00
Hagenbeck Brothers Circus
32Anna May (Anna Mae) EM - F dead : 1972
unknown:
wild
? 0000-00-00
1925-00-00
Sells and Downs Shows (Sells and Gray New United Shows)
33Mary EM - F dead : 1950-03-28
disease: pneumonia
wild
?
1923-00-00
Clyde Beatty Circus
34 SSP id: T2306
Trilby EM - F dead : 1952
unknown:
wild
1920
32
1923-00-00
Kelly Morris Circus
35 EEP id: 4102
unknown EM - M dead : 1976-04-28
unknown:
wild
1938
38 1941-01-01
1941-07-27
Menagerie du Paris Jardin des Plantes
36 SSP id: 624
Alice EM - F dead : 1971-06-00
unknown:
wild
? 1925-00-00
1925-00-00
Atlanta Zoo
37 EEP id: 3701
Hannolore EM - F dead :
unknown:
captive-born
1938-09-05
-1938
1938-09-08
Firma Ruhe
38 EEP id: 3704
Henny EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
1937
-1937 1937-01-01
1937-00-00
Firma Ruhe
39Katie (Little Katie) EM - F dead : 1940-02-21
accident: fire
wild
? 0000-00-00
1923-00-00
Cole Brothers Circus
40Sumatra EM - F dead : 1959
disease: rheumatism
wild
1914
45 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Zlin Lesna-Got Zoo
41Borneo (Buldiu) EM - M dead : 1943
disease: Elephant TB (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
wild
? 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Munich Zoo
42Venus EM - F dead :
unknown:
unknown
0 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
43Java EM - F dead :
unknown:
unknown
0 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
44Diana EM - F dead :
unknown:
unknown
0 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
45Ceylon EM - F dead :
unknown:
unknown
0 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
46Bombay EM - F dead :
unknown:
unknown
0 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
47Baby EM - F dead :
unknown:
unknown
0 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
48Bosco EM - M dead : 1953
euthanised: shot in Augsburg
wild
? 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Barlay (Olympia, Berolina)
49Kas EM - F dead : 1942
accident: menagerie fire
wild
?
1909-00-00
Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
50Puppe LA - F dead :
unknown:
wild
1929
-1929
1932-05-00
Firma Ruhe
51 SSP id: 309
Gympy LC - F dead : 1954-04-23
unknown:
wild
1929
25 1931-00-00
1932-00-00
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
52Buby (Bubi) LA - M dead : 1930
disease: illness
wild
? 1920-00-00
1920-00-00
Circus Kludsky
53Mabel EM - F dead : 2002-06-17
unknown:
unknown
1963
39
Arnhem Zoo (Burgers Zoo)
54 EEP id: 7308
Suma (Rhani) EM - F dead : 1975
unknown:
captive-born
1973-06-28
2
1974-12-20
Circus Carl Althoff
55Dacca EM - F dead : 1986-07-04
disease: intoxication
wild
1967
19
1972-11-10
Magdeburg Zoo
56Sari EM - F dead : 1983-07-15
accident: fell into the dry moat
wild
1967
16
1972-06-23
Magdeburg Zoo
57unknown LA - M dead : <1965
unknown:
wild
1960
-1960
1962-01-30
Circus Carl Althoff
58 EEP id: 5906
Kati EM - F dead : 1972-01-02
euthanised: elephant smallpox
wild
1958
14
1961-06-21
Magdeburg Zoo
59Jambo II LC - F dead : 1982-05-18
unknown: circulatory failure
wild
1955
27
Berlin Zoo
60Nina EM - F dead : 1965
unknown:
wild
?
1960-00-00
Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
61Kika EM - F dead : 1960-05-21
unknown:
wild
?
1959-00-00
Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
62Nelly EM - F dead : 1956?
euthanised: aggressive, shot in trainwagon in Moscow
wild
?
1935-00-00
Zoocentrum Moskwa (Objed)
63Linda EM - F dead : 1958
disease: poisoned
wild
?
1956-00-00
Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
64Bambi EM - F dead : 1977
euthanised: foot cancer
wild
1952
25
1955-00-00
Tierpark Berlin
65 EEP id: 3607
Calcutta II EM - F dead : 1957-04-18
unknown:
wild
?
1936-00-00
Paris Zoo Vincennes
66Mary EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
0
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
67Matadi LA - F dead : 1943
unknown:
wild
?
1931-00-00
Munich Zoo
68Shari LA - M dead : 1945
disease: infection because of bombings of the elephant house
wild
?
1931-00-00
Munich Zoo
69Carl LA - M dead : 1935
disease: intestinal
wild
1921
14
1924-00-00
Berlin Zoo
70Don EM - M dead : 1923-09-23
euthanised: aggressive, bolted, shot by local farmers
wild
?
1923-00-00
William P Hall Animal Farm
71 SSP id: 483
Kechil EM - F dead : 1947-10-29
unknown:
wild
1915
32
1918-12-10
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
72 SSP id: 484
Hitam EM - F dead : 1925-06-26
unknown:
wild
1916
9
1918-12-10
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
73unknown LC - M dead : 1917-06-23
unknown:
wild
?
1914-07-28
Berlin Zoo
74Mo EM - F dead : 1928
unknown:
wild
?
1909-00-00
Sells-Floto Circus
75Tony EM - M dead :
unknown:
wild
0
1908-00-00
M.L. Clark Wagon Show
76 EEP id: 3805
Alfeld EM - M dead : 1938
accident: electrocuted at train station in Freising, Munich
wild
? 1934-02-00
Circus Barlay (Olympia, Berolina)
77Piccolo (Picolo) EM - M dead : 1969-09-30
unknown:
wild
1923
46 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Unknown
78Bibi? EM - F Assumed dead unknown
?
Unknown
79 SSP id: 196
Nicole EM - F FC unknown
1976
45 1980-05-00
1980-00-00
San Antonio Zoo
80 EEP id: 8003
Calimero LA - M PC wild
1980
41
1982-06-05
Beekse Bergen Safaripark
81 SSP id: 197
Babe Sh-Bang (Bonnie) EM - F FC wild
1976
45
1980-00-00
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
82 EEP id: 7106
Lilak LA - F PC wild
1971
50
1974-05-30
Kronberg Zoo
83 EEP id: 8604
Tonga (Rambo) LA - F PC wild
1985
36
1988-06-10
Vienna Zoo
84 EEP id: 8404
Sabi LA - F dead : 2018-01-02
euthanised: constipation
wild
1984
34
Rhenen Zoo
85Kariba LA - F PC wild
1985
36
Pakawi Park (Olmense Zoo)
86 EEP id: 8404
Shiva EM - F dead : 1993-09-21
disease: anorexia and foot problems?
unknown
1972
21
Cricket St Thomas Wildlife Park
87 EEP id: 8105
Pinky EM - F PC wild
1966
55
1981-00-00
Arnhem Zoo (Burgers Zoo)
88 SSP id: 115
Bangko (Bangkok) EM - F FC wild
1976
45 1980-00-00
1980-00-00
Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Center for Elephant Conservation
89 SSP id: 107
Siam II EM - F FC wild
1978
43
1980-00-00
Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Center for Elephant Conservation
90 EEP id: 7705
Louise EM - F FC wild
1973
48
1977-09-03
Augsburg Zoo
91Duala LA - F dead : 1985
killed: attacked by an asian elephant
wild
?
1977-00-00
Krefeld Zoo
92 SSP id: 366
Udgi LA - F dead :
unknown:
wild
1974
-1974 1977-00-00
U.S.A. unspecified Location
93 SSP id: 345
Tessa LA - F dead : 2009-06-13
killed: injury caused from exhibit mate
wild
1969
40
Toronto Zoo
94 EEP id: 6802
Dashi (Dagi) LA - F dead : 2016-09-18
euthanised: collapsed
wild
1968
48 1969-00-00
1969-12-17
Tierpark Berlin
95 EEP id: 6201
Sara LA - F dead : 2013-11-20
euthanised: cancer
wild
1962-00-00
51 1964-00-00
1964-09-08
Rostock Zoo
96Iringa LA - F dead : 1974-09-10
maternal death:
wild
1952
22 1963-05-00
1963-05-00
Hannover Zoo
97 EEP id: 6203
SSP id: 751
Moti (Mohti) EM - M dead : 1973-05-24
anesthesia: tuberculosis
wild
1948
25 1960-00-00
1962-04-17
Hannover Zoo
98 SSP id: 17
Penny LA - F dead : 2001-09-18
disease: infection associated; mechanical abnormality
wild
1954
47 1956-03-00
1956-06-22
Omahas Henry Doorly Zoo
99 SSP id: 18
Nancy LA - F dead : 2000-08-23
euthanised: Post mortum: Tuberculosis
wild
1953
47 1956-00-00
1956-09-18
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
100 SSP id: 319
Shara LA - F dead : 1969-03-05
disease: infection associated; respiratory bacterial
wild
1955
14 1956-00-00
1956-06-27
Detroit Zoo
101 SSP id: 315
Irish (Arusha) LA - F dead : 1982-03-30
disease: Infection associated generalized bacterial - incinerated
wild
1946
36 1949-00-00
1951-08-14
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
102 EEP id: 1801
Birma II EM - F dead : 1981-09-12
age:
wild
1918
63 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Ruhr Zoo, Gelsenkirchen
103Big Burma (Virginia) EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
0 1921-00-00
1921-00-00
Gran Circo Union
104 EEP id: 3510
Mini EM - F dead : 1944-11-02
unknown:
wild
1935
9
1939-05-09
Dusseldorf Zoo (Zoologischen Garten Dusseldorf)
105 SSP id: 576
Lady EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
1937
-1937
1942-07-06
Paul Kelly
106 EEP id: 3003
Puncha EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
0 1939-00-00
Firma Ruhe
107 EEP id: 3516
Mary EM - F dead : 1945-03-00
disease: poison
wild
? 1939-00-00
1939-12-00
Halle Zoo
108 EEP id: 3602
August EM - M dead : 1953-07-31
euthanised: shot by director Heinz Heck
captive-born
1936-08-08
17 1939-04-00
1939-05-09
Munich Zoo
109 EEP id: 3511
Dora EM - F dead : 1945-11-10
unknown:
wild
1935
10
1939-05-09
Straubing Zoo (Tiergarten Straubing)
110 EEP id: 3512
Buka EM - F dead : 1945-02-15
unknown:
wild
1935
10
1939-05-09
Straubing Zoo (Tiergarten Straubing)
111 EEP id: 3509
Mary EM - F dead : 1944/1945?
unknown:
wild
1935?
9
1939-05-09
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
112 EEP id: 0502
Birma I (Hamburg, Hamburk) EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
1905-00-00
-1905 1935-01-01
1938-08-08
Firma Ruhe
113 EEP id: 3606
Jenny II EM - F dead : 1943-11-22
accident: elephant house was bombed
wild
1911
32 1938-12-00
1938-12-00
Firma Ruhe
114 EEP id: 991
Kelly EM - F dead : 1945-04-01
unknown:
wild
1899
46 1937-00-00
1937-04-00
Nuremberg Zoo
115Caesar (Cäsar) LC - M dead : 1945-03-30
euthanised: shot
wild
?
1937-07-13
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
116 SSP id: 572
Vi EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
1935
-1935
1936-12-18
Paul Kelly
117 SSP id: 600
Marian EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
1934-12-00
-1934 1936-00-00
1936-12-18
Paul Kelly
118 SSP id: 601
Clarabelle EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
1932
-1932
1935-06-15
Paul Kelly
119 EEP id: 3002
Bhutan EM - M dead : 1939-02-00
euthanised: aggressive, shot on tour in Mannheim by Heinz Heck
wild
? 1934-02-00
1935-05-00
Circus Barlay (Olympia, Berolina)
120 EEP id: 3401
Zohra EM - F dead :
unknown:
captive-born
1933-10-00
-1933 1934-02-00
1934-03-07
Unknown
121Mouly (Molly) EM - F dead :
unknown:
unknown
0 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
122Charly EM - M dead :
unknown:
wild
0 1934-02-22
1934-02-22
Circus Amar
123 EEP id: 2403
Nelly EM - F dead : 1951-04-12
unknown:
wild
1924
27 1933-00-00
1934-01-01
Rotterdam Zoo (Diergaarde Blijdorp)
124 EEP id: 3404
Aida EM - F dead : 1943-11-22
accident: elephant house was bombed
wild
1923
20
1934-00-00
Berlin Zoo
125 EEP id: 2102
Jumbo (Jambo) EM - M dead : 1945-03-30
: shot
wild
1924
21
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
126 EEP id: 2402
Chang I EM - M dead :
unknown:
wild
1924
-1924 1932-05-01
1932-05-02
Firma Ruhe
127 SSP id: 307
Sudana LA - F dead : 1962-08-11
euthanised: arthtritis
wild
1927
35 1930-00-00
1931-11-09
Bronx Zoo
128 EEP id: 0704
Ponti EM - F dead : 1931-06-08
:
wild
1907?
24 1927-01-00
1927-04-29
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
129 EEP id: 2003
Pitu EM - F dead : 1945-03-30
euthanised: shot
wild
1915
30 1927-01-00
1927-04-29
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
130 EEP id: 2501
Hitam EM - M dead : 1930-04-01
euthanised:
wild
1925
5 1927-01-00
1927-04-29
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
131Nelly II (Baby) EM - F dead : 1941-10-04
unknown:
unknown
1925-03-00
16
1926-04-28
Leipzig Zoo
132Benga EM - F dead : 1941-10-18
unknown:
wild
1910-1915
31
1926-04-28
Leipzig Zoo
133 EEP id: 2002
Mariska EM - F dead :
unknown:
wild
1920
-1920 1924-01-00
1924-06-01
Unknown
134 EEP id: 1904
Omar EM - M dead : 1957-01-07
unknown:
wild
1919
38 1924-00-00
1924-05-16
Leipzig Zoo
135Albert EM - M dead :
disease: pneumonia
wild
0
1923-00-00
Ketrow Brothers Circus
136Pearl (Babe) EM - F dead : 1937-08-02
unknown:
wild
?
1908-00-00
Al G Barnes-Sells Floto Circus
137 EEP id: 0702
Jumbo EM - M dead : 1953-03-10
euthanised: shot with rifle. Cronic pericaditis and penumonia, ,cardiovascular Bacterial
wild
1907
46 1909-00-00
1910-00-00
Copenhagen Zoo
138 SSP id: 199
Icky II EM - F FC wild
1978
43 1980-00-00
1980-00-00
Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Center for Elephant Conservation
139 SSP id: 578
Mona EM - F dead : 1975-04-00
unknown:
wild
1942
33
1974-10-22
King Animaland Park
140 SSP id: 577
Mary EM - F dead : 1975-04
unknown:
wild
1941
34
1974-10-22
King Animaland Park
141Mopani LA - M dead :
unknown:

1972
-1972
Berlin Zoo
142Kwuba LA - F dead : 1977-00-00
euthanised: shot
wild
?
Boras Zoo
143Toto LA - M dead : 1977-00-00
euthanised: shot
wild
?
Boras Zoo
144 EEP id: 6107
Tina EM - F dead : 2012-06-26
age:
wild
1959-00-00
53
Munich Zoo
145 SSP id: 553
Honey EM - F dead : 1953-07-16
disease: arthritis
wild
1938
15
1942-06-06
St Louis Zoo
146 SSP id: 573
Tanzy (Olentangy) EM - F dead : 1974-10-07
disease: acute bacterial pnemonia, intestinal inflammation
wild
1937
37
1939-07-06
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
147 EEP id: 3205
Rani EM - F dead : 1935-10-11
unknown:
wild
?
1932-06-06
Zurich Zoo
148 SSP id: 198
Alana EM - F FC unknown
1976
45 1980-00-00
Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Center for Elephant Conservation
149 SSP id: 574
Penny EM - F dead : 1961-08-12
unknown:
wild
1939
22
Fort Worth Zoo


Source for the list of elephants relocated, previously living at Firma Ruhe

Reference list

Facts about previously kept elephants, relocated from Firma Ruhe in Germany, Elephant Encyclopedia, Koehl, D. (2021), available online retrieved 17 April 2021 at https://www.elephant.se/location2.php?location_id=310 (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this list:

Latest updateName of elephantSource (if it is a website, the target website will open in new window)
2021-01-03 Birma II:
  • Page 90-93, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • http://www.elefanten-fan.de/">Stephanie Wroben, Raesfeld

  • http://www.schueling.com/forum/forum.php?&go=view&BeitragsID=565&thema=&subthema=&subsub= through Michael Mettler.
  • 2020-10-17 Dirndl:
  • Henning Wiesner, Munich Zoo

  • https://zoo.kiev.ua/upload/files/31_Trantin_87%20Jahre%20Elefantenhaltungsgeschichte%20im%20Zoo%20Kiew_%d1%83%d0%ba%d1%801-1.pdf">87-year history of elephants maintenance in Kyiv Zoo, Ukraine, by Kirill Trantin, Kiev Zoo
  • 2020-10-14 Sanga:
  • Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 17/2010, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
  • 2020-10-12 Sudan:
  • Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
  • 2020-10-12 unknown:
  • Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
  • 2020-10-12 Douglas:
  • Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
  • 2020-10-12 unknown:
  • Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
  • 2020-09-09 Hannibal:
  • Peter Stolk
  • 2020-08-26 Lilak:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo

  • https://www.hessenschau.de/panorama/zwei-neue-elefanten-im-opel-zoo,kurz-elefanten-100.html
  • 2020-05-19 Jambo II:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo

  • Jan Jakobi, Germany
  • A round-eared elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis Mtsch.) in Berlin Zoo.
    By Wolfgang Gewalt (12. 3. 1966), International Journal of Mammalian Biology V. 31 (1966)
  • 2020-05-06 Louise:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
  • 2018-11-12 Karla:
  • https://www.wochenkurier.info/suedbrandenburg/cottbus/artikel/elefantin-karla-lebt-nicht-mehr-78825/
  • 2018-10-20 Caesar (Cäsar):
  • Filipe von Gilsa, Wuppertal Zoo
  • p. 92, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by http://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/'>European Elephant Group

  • Leszek Solski
  • 2018-10-19 Mondula (Mondy):
  • Chris Lucas, Blair Drummond Safari Park, United Kingdom
  • 2018-06-15 Calimero:
  • Height: Henry Merker, Tiergarten-Forum
  • 2018-05-29 Yhetoo (Yheet thoo):
  • Wolfgang Nehring, Krefeld Zoo, Germany
  • Ryan Easley, USA

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=4623">Former Circus Elephants Due at Belfast Zoo, 2009-04-02
  • 2018-05-10 Aja:
  • http://www.olifantenhuis.com/" Gerald Postma, Netherlands
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2018-05-07 Shiva:
  • Pertii Sariola

  • Dan Koehl

  • Martina Nagy

  • Elefanten - Mein Leben, by Karl Kock
  • 2018-05-04 Icky II:
  • Ryan Easley, USA
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2018-05-04 Alana:
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2018-04-09 Pinky:
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger

  • Jos Breukers, 2013
  • 2018-03-14 Kariba:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands

  • Torben Klöfkorn, Zoo in der Wingst
  • 2018-03-14 Mopani:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo

  • Torben Klöfkorn, Zoo in der Wingst
  • 2018-03-02 Sabi:
  • Marcus Linder, Augsburg Zoo

  • Jaroslav Vanecek
    2017-03-09 Shari:
  • p. 94-95, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2017-03-09 Tembo:
  • Dr. Peter Dollinger, Zoo Office Bern, Switzerland

  • Height: Henry Merker, Tiergarten-Forum

  • http://www.zooelefant.de/" Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • http://www.onlinereports.ch/OEkologie.113+M50ad948cb36.0.html
  • 2017-03-08 Tonga (Rambo):
  • Dan Koehl
  • Jutta Kirchner, Vienna
  • 2016-10-10 Dashi (Dagi):
  • http://annettb.blogspot.se/2016/09/groe-trauer-im-tierpark.html

  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
  • 2016-08-30 Nicole:
  • http://welovelucky.com/

  • http://www.eswr.com/docs/Ringling/463-4.pdf

  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=2548">"Dallas spa helps circus elephant Nichole look her best", Elephant-News.com, 2007-08-02
  • 2016-06-09 Siam II:
  • http://mythoughtsideasandramblings.com/2011/10/13/ringling-bros-barnum-bailey/

  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2016-06-09 Bangko (Bangkok):
  • https://www.ringlingelephantcenter.com/

  • http://mythoughtsideasandramblings.com/2011/10/13/ringling-bros-barnum-bailey/

  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2016-01-24 Honey:
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/03/st-louis-zoo-1-from-jim-alexander.html">Buckles WebLog
  • Ryan Easley, USA
  • 2016-01-24 Vi:
  • Ryan Easley, USA
  • 2016-01-05 Moti (Mohti):
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • http://www.zooelefant.de/" Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
  • Peter Stolk
  • Kein Tag ohne Abenteuer. Tiere und ihre Pfleger, by Gerhard Gronefeld
  • 2015-12-29 Kwuba:
  • Wolfgang Nehring, Krefeld, Germany
  • 2014-04-27 Babe Sh-Bang (Bonnie):
  • Ryan Easley, USA
  • Mandy Turnbull, Niabi Zoo

  • http://www.feldentertainment.com/press/ContentDisplay.aspx?id=4730">Tons of Fun Winning Entry in the "Name Babe" Contest Announced, 2000-08-30

  • http://qctimes.com/articles/2007/12/04//news/local/doc4755c6f616451932099432.txt">Animal group turns on Niabi after elephant death, 2007-12-04

  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/08/zoo-krefeld-2.html">Buckles Web Log, Zoo Krefeld #2, 2007-08-05
  • 2013-11-23 Sara:
  • The African Forest Elephant and its status in captivity. Part 1: Europe, by Don Cousins, International Zoo News No. 251 (41/2) March 1994. Online list at http://www.zoochat.com/2/african-forest-elephants-completely-gone-zoos-215250/index2.html
  • 2013-07-21 Kithany (Kitty?):
  • Page 107, Documentation 2002 - Elephants in European Zoos and Safari Parks published by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2013-04-28 Mouly (Molly):
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • 2012-10-16 Albert:
  • http://circusnospin.blogspot.se/2012/10/unknown_7820.html

  • http://www.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/bw-1970Jul.htm">Leland L. Antes, Jr. Bandwagon, Vol. 14, No. 4 (Jul-Aug), 1970, pp. 4-11.
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • Chang Reynolds files @ CWM.
  • 2012-07-01 Tina:
  • http://www.tz-online.de/aktuelles/muenchen-sued/elefanten-oma-tina-eingeschlaefert-2367278.html

  • Elisabeth Hiendl
  • 2012-06-16 Nelly:
  • Page 226, 227 http://www.amazon.de/gp/search?ie=UTF8&keywords=B0000BN2KJ&tag=elefantkonsult&index=blended&linkCode=ur2&camp=1638&creative=6742">Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
  • 2012-06-16 Zohra:
  • Jens Madsen, Copenhagen
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2012-06-16 Bhutan:
  • Page 207 http://www.amazon.de/gp/search?ie=UTF8&keywords=B0000BN2KJ&tag=elefantkonsult&index=blended&linkCode=ur2&camp=1638&creative=6742">Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
  • "Život v manéži" by Karel Kludský, Václav Cibula, (through Jana Havlová)
  • Page 98, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2012-06-16 Puncha:
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2012-06-16 Mary:
  • Page 226, 227 http://www.amazon.de/gp/search?ie=UTF8&keywords=B0000BN2KJ&tag=elefantkonsult&index=blended&linkCode=ur2&camp=1638&creative=6742">Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
  • Martin Wobruba, Pilzen, Czech republic.
  • EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by http://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/'>European Elephant Group
  • 2012-06-16 Mini:
  • Page 226, 227 http://www.amazon.de/gp/search?ie=UTF8&keywords=B0000BN2KJ&tag=elefantkonsult&index=blended&linkCode=ur2&camp=1638&creative=6742">Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
  • 2012-06-16 Dora:
  • Page 226, 227 http://www.amazon.de/gp/search?ie=UTF8&keywords=B0000BN2KJ&tag=elefantkonsult&index=blended&linkCode=ur2&camp=1638&creative=6742">Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
  • 2012-06-16 Buka:
  • Page 226, 227 http://www.amazon.de/gp/search?ie=UTF8&keywords=B0000BN2KJ&tag=elefantkonsult&index=blended&linkCode=ur2&camp=1638&creative=6742">Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
  • 2012-06-16 Mary:
  • http://www.zooelefant.de/" Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
  • 2012-06-16 August:
  • Page 226, 227 http://www.amazon.de/gp/search?ie=UTF8&keywords=B0000BN2KJ&tag=elefantkonsult&index=blended&linkCode=ur2&camp=1638&creative=6742">Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
  • li>Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
    2012-06-16 Jenny II:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
  • 2012-06-16 Pitu:
  • EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by http://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/'>European Elephant Group
  • 2012-06-15 Jumbo (Jambo):
  • EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by http://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/'>European Elephant Group
  • 2012-06-13 Birma I (Hamburg, Hamburk):
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • "Život v manéži" by Karel Kludský, Václav Cibula, (through Jana Havlová)
  • Page 90-91, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • Jens Madsen, Copenhagen
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2012-06-13 Jumbo:
  • Jens Madsen, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Elefanter i Köpenhavns Zoologisk Haave siden 1878, by Henning, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 2012-06-13 Omar:
  • Page 218, 219 http://www.amazon.de/gp/search?ie=UTF8&keywords=B0000BN2KJ&tag=elefantkonsult&index=blended&linkCode=ur2&camp=1638&creative=6742">Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • http://www.zooelefant.de/" Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
  • 2012-05-23 Lady:
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/03/st-louis-zoo-1-from-jim-alexander.html">Buckles WebLog
  • 2012-04-17 Pearl (Babe):
  • http://www.circushistory.org/bandwagon/bw-1965Mar.htm">Homer C. Walton. Bandwagon, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Mar-Apr), 1965, pp. 4-11.
  • 2012-04-06 Tessa:
  • Wayne Jackson, Canada.

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=4658">"Gentlest elephant" dies at Toronto Zoo", Elephant-News.com, 2009-06-14

  • http://www.thestar.com/news/article/938855--stay-or-pack-their-trunks
  • 2012-03-07 Iringa:
  • http://www.zooelefant.de/" Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
  • 2012-01-16 Sudana:
  • Richard Chiger
  • 2011-09-07 Nancy:
  • J. C. Danzansky, Washington Zoo
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2011-02-21 Tanzy (Olentangy):
  • http://www.dispatch.com/live/content/local_news/stories/2011/02/18/zoo-seeks-answers-in-death-of-coco.html?sid=101
  • 2011-01-12 Benga:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • *Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Garten Leipzig 1984
  • 2011-01-12 Nelly II (Baby):
  • Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Garten Leipzig 1984
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • http://www.asianelephant.net/" Jonas Livet, France
  • 2010-10-01 Big Burma (Virginia):
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://www.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/bw-1956Jul.htm">Burma, a Four-Legged Debutante, By Harry M. Simpson. Bandwagon, Vol. 4, July, 1956, pp. 8-9.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=wB8EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA59&dq=new+orleans+zoo+elephant&hl=en&ei=MyOmTOqXLsH-8Aaf3ozNAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=book-preview-link&resnum=1&ved=0CDAQuwUwADgy#v=onepage&q=new%20orleans%20zoo%20elephant&f=false
  • 2010-09-26 Mabel:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/09/tex-carson-circus-1.html
  • 2010-09-25 Surik (Surhak):
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2010-09-25 Anna May (Anna Mae):
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2005/07/cole-bros-circus-1935-harriet-beatty.html">Buckles Woodcock
  • 2010-09-25 Katie (Little Katie):
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://www.circushistory.org/bandwagon/bw-1965Sep.htm">A History of the Cole Bros. Circus 1935-40 by Joseph T. Bradbury. Bandwagon, Vol. 9, No. 5 (Sep-Oct), 1965, pp. 4-8.
  • 2010-09-25 Mary:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://www.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/bw-1969May.htm">Chang Reynolds. Bandwagon, Vol. 13, No. 3 (May-Jun), 1969, pp. 10-19.
  • 2010-09-25 Big Jenny (Jennie):
  • *http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/07/cole-bros-circus-johnstown-pa-1945-1.html">Buckles Web Log, Cole Bros. Circus- Johnstown, Pa. 1945 #1

  • http://www.circushistory.org/bandwagon/bw-1965Sep.htm">A History of the Cole Bros.
  • 2010-09-25 Trilby:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2010-09-25 Don:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2010-09-23 Buby (Bubi):
  • Könige der Manege by Rudolf Kludsky (in german)
  • "Život v manéži" by Karel Kludský, Václav Cibula, (through Jana Havlová)
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2010-05-19 Sumatra:
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • "Život v manéži" by Karel Kludský, Václav Cibula, (through Jana Havlová)
  • http://www.choboti.cz/en.php?txt=historie_crsr" Elephants from CR and SR (Zoo Usti nad Labem)
  • Link to the magazine with the cited article, page 28: http://www.zlin.eu/upload.cs/5/5f822aa4_8_zm_zari_09.pdf
  • 2010-05-19 Bosco:
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • Page 98, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • 2010-05-19 Mary:
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • "Život v manéži" by Karel Kludský, Václav Cibula, (through Jana Havlová)
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2010-05-19 Java:
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • 2010-05-19 Bombay:
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • 2010-05-19 Diana:
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • 2010-05-19 Venus:
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • 2010-05-19 Ceylon:
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • 2010-05-19 Baby:
  • Christian Hamel, France
  • 2010-05-12 Kas:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://www.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/bw-1964Mar.htm
  • 2010-05-12 Mo:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2010-04-16 Alfeld:
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2010-04-16 Gympy:
  • page 176 http://www.amazon.de/gp/search?ie=UTF8&keywords=B0000BN2KJ&tag=elefantkonsult&index=blended&linkCode=ur2&camp=1638&creative=6742">Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe  (in german)
  • http://www.cincinnativiews.net/zoo_part_3.htm">Greetings From Cincinnati, Cincinnati Zoo
  • 2010-04-10 Hannolore:
  • Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • Page 83, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • 2010-04-08 Nelly:
  • Page 139-141, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • 2009-11-29 Myntrik:
  • Kolmarden Zoo records, Sven Mellgren
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2009-11-11 Carla:
  • Page 93, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2009-11-11 Piccolo (Picolo):
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2009-11-11 Borneo (Buldiu):
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2009-10-31 Puppe:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2009-10-18 Arusha:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2009-10-18 Kati:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2009-10-18 Sari:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2009-10-18 Dacca:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2009-09-27 Lollo:
  • http://www.zooelefant.de/" Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
  • 2009-09-27 unknown:
  • http://www.asianelephant.net/" Jonas Livet, France
  • 2009-09-27 Laila:
  • Documentation 2002 - Elephants in European Zoos and Safari Parks published by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2009-09-27 Calcutta II:
  • http://www.asianelephant.net/" Jonas Livet, France
  • 2009-09-16 Burma:
  • http://www.zooelefant.de/" Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
  • Peter Stolk
  • Kein Tag ohne Abenteuer. Tiere und ihre Pfleger, by Gerhard Gronefeld
  • 2009-09-16 Sabu:
  • http://www.zooelefant.de/" Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
  • Peter Stolk
  • Kein Tag ohne Abenteuer. Tiere und ihre Pfleger, by Gerhard Gronefeld
  • 2009-09-10 Kivu:
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • http://www.zooelefant.de/" Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
  • 2009-04-26 Yvonne (Ivonee, Bibi):
  • Dr. Helmut Mägdefrau, Vice director, Zoo Nürnberg
  • Copenhagen Zoo through Stefan Aspegren 2008
  • Jens Madsen, Copenhagen
  • Ryan Easley, USA
  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=4632">"Rostock trauert um seine Elefantendame Bibi", Elephant-News.com, 2009-04-24
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2009-03-07 Kitty:
  • Documentation 2002 - Elephants in European Zoos and Safari Parks published by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2009-03-07 Bambi:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
  • Documentation 2002 - Elephants in European Zoos and Safari Parks published by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2008-12-24 Clara Belle:
  • Ryan Easley, USA
  • 2008-12-18 Petal:
  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=3877">Philadelphia Zoo elephant Petal dies
  • 2008-10-12 Alice:
  • http://www.circushistory.org/bandwagon/bw-1965Sep.htm">A History of the Cole Bros. Circus 1935-40 by Joseph T. Bradbury. Bandwagon, Vol. 9, No. 5 (Sep-Oct), 1965, pp. 4-8.
  • 2008-09-02 Bibi?:
  • 2008: John Steigman, Copenhagen Zoo, through Stefan Aspegren
  • 2008-08-28 Suma (Rhani):
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2008-06-23 unknown:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
  • 2008-06-23 Carl:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
  • 2008-05-21 Elsie:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2008-03-31 Matadi:
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2008-02-08 Mabel:
  • http://www.olifantenhuis.com/" Gerald Postma, Netherlands
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2007-07-17 Tony:
  • http://www.circushistory.org/bandwagon/bw-1965Mar.htm">Homer C. Walton. Bandwagon, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Mar-Apr), 1965, pp. 4-11.



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