Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique

Gorongosa National Park

Total nrs800
Number of animals800
Address Estrada Nacional 1, PO Box 1983
Place Beira
District Gorongosa District
Province Sofala Province
Country Mozambique
Website Website


Key People 2015-: Ryan Long (researcher)


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History of updates2021-11-30

Latest document update2021-11-30 12:37:00
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Gorongosa National Park, located at Estrada Nacional 1, PO Box 1983, in Beira, Mozambique , was founded in 1960.

Comments / picturesGorongosa National Park is at the southern end of the Great African Rift Valley in the heart of central Mozambique, Southeast Africa. The over 4,000 square kilometres (1,500 sq mi) park includes the valley floor and parts of surrounding plateaus. Rivers originating on nearby Mount Gorongosa (1,863 m (6,112 ft)) water the plain.

1997: Three elephants, two buffalo, seven hippos and a few hundred antelope – that’s all that could be spotted in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique in 1997, when a violent civil war spanning two decades had swept through the nation.

2020: Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique has reinvigorated its biodiversity through a trophic rewilding programme.

Gorongosa National Park
An associate professor in wildlife sciences, Ryan Long, who along with researchers from Princeton University, began their study on Tuskless elephants in 2018. Long, a large mammal ecologist, had already been working with elephants in Gorongosa, starting in 2015.

The team collected genetic samples and placed trackers on the elephants to monitor their activity.

The next couple of years consisted of continually retrieving additional specimen and analyzing their findings. This led to their data, which was published in Science in October 2021. Long not only returned to Gorongosa because of his established presence from prior projects, but because of the area’s high rate of tusk-less elephants. Alarming amounts of elephants in Mozambique were poached during the Mozambican Civil War.

The Research from the study found that after the high rates of Ivory Poaching during the Civil War, female elephants without Tusks had a five-time higher chance of survival. Long said after the war, over half of the females in Gorongosa didn’t have Tusks. It became a hereditary trait.

References for records about Gorongosa National Park

Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan (2024). Gorongosa National Park, Elephant Encyclopedia. Available online at https://www.elephant.se/location2.php?location_id=3002. (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

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