Joe at Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie

† Joe
ID Number:
Species: Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age: < 1 years old
Dead date: 1875-05-00
Death reason: unknown:
Location:Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie
ArrivedHowes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie 1875-05-31
Born:1875-05-31 captive-born in
Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie
Parents: Mandarin x Hebe (Babe)
Siblings through the father Mandarin:
  1. 1880-03-10 -- † 1907-11-08 (F) Columbia (Young America)
Siblings through the mother Hebe (Babe):
  1. 1880-03-10 -- † 1907-11-08 (F) Columbia (Young America)
Joes pedigree:
P I II III

Joe

Sire:
Mandarin

Sire:
Sire:
Dame:
Dame:
Sire:
Dame:

Dame:
Hebe (Babe)

Sire:
Sire:
Dame:
Dame:
Sire:
Dame:
Document updated2009-11-14: 
The first documented birth of a captive asian elephant outside Asia.

This birth is documented in the New York Clipper news from 12 June 1875, as well as in the book below.

Joe was born on Monday, May 31, 1875. The female went into labor as the Howe's Great London train was en route from Omaha (played on Sat 29th) to Kansas City for an engagement on Monday (31). When the train got to St Joseph they decided to unload her. She was moved to the Exposition Grounds where the birth took place on Monday (31). The show was back in St. Joseph for a date on June 3.
The calf does not seem to have lived to be exhibited by the circus on show day. However, a lot of townspeople had gone to the Exhibition Grounds to see the mother and baby on June 1.

Bill Slout gave all the details about this in his fine 2000 book, "A Royal Coupling, The Historic Marriage of Barnum & Bailey."

Chang Reynolds, 13 July, 2007

Sources, among others

  • Page 23, 24, 25, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • Buckles weblog
  • A Royal Coupling, The Historic Marriage of Barnum & Bailey, by Bill Slout
  • The Morning Daily Herald
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger

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