Sukumali
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Pinnawala elephant orphanage in Sri Lanka

Biography
♀ Sukumali

Identification


Description

Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 40 years old
Management:Free contact
Origin
Born:* 1984-07-05 captive-born , number 1
Birth place: in Pinnawala elephant orphanage

Parents: Vijaya x ♀ Kumari
Offspring
Total: 3 babies

1. Born 1997-02-07 Arjuna

2. Born 2001 Kema (Khema)

3. Born 2004-09-13 Senarath
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Pinnawala elephant orphanage, in Sri Lanka

Date of arrival

1984-07-05Pinnawala elephant orphanage
Record history
History of updates2024-06-27: naming of babies b 2010 and 2011
2024-06-30: more sources added

Latest document update2020-11-15 13:20:10
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Biography


Sukumali is a living Female ♀ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) , located at the Pinnawala elephant orphanage, in Sri Lanka.

Sukumali arrived in 1984-07-05 to the Pinnawala elephant orphanage,

Social

Sukumali lives together with 66 other elephants at the Pinnawala elephant orphanage:

detailed list with arrival dates etc. of the other elephants
  1. 4. ♀ Amali born 1994-04-16
  2. 5. ♀ Anuradhika born 1993-11-15
  3. 6. ♀ Ashokamala born 1998-08-07
  4. 7. ♀ Bharathi born 2007
  5. 8. ⚪ Binuki born 2011
  6. 9. ♂ Buwaneka born 1999-12-07
  7. 10. ♂ Charaka born 2006-00-00
  8. 11. ♀ Dinuda born 2009-05-24
  9. 12. ♂ Disa (twin) born 2021-08-31
  10. 13. ⚪ Diula
  11. 14. ⚪ Elvina born 2011
  12. 15. ♂ Haritha
  13. 16. ♂ Jadura born 1966?
  14. 17. ♂ Jayathu
  15. 18. ♂ Kadol born 2011
  16. 19. ♀ Kamani
  17. 20. ♂ Kanaka born 2009-05-24
  18. 21. ♂ Kandula III (Bibile)
  19. 22. ♀ Kiriya III (Kira)
  20. 23. ♀ Komali (Komalee) born 1971
  21. 24. ♂ Kora Aliya
  22. 25. ♀ Kumari born 1965
  23. 26. ♀ Mahaweli (Mahavali) born 1981
  24. 27. ♀ Mathali (Mathalee) born 1970
  25. 28. ♀ Mayuri born 1983
  26. 29. ♂ Meega
  27. 30. ♀ Meena
  28. 31. ♀ Menika born 1989-08-14
  29. 32. ♀ Menika II
  30. 33. ♀ Nandi born 2011
  31. 34. ♂ Nandimithra born 1995-09-27
  32. 35. ♂ Neela born 1964
  33. 36. ♀ Nikini II
  34. 37. ♀ Ninja born 1985
  35. 38. ♀ Noni
  36. 39. ♀ Pali born 2003
  37. 40. ♂ Pandu born 2005-08-00
  38. 41. ♀ Punchi
  39. 42. ♀ Ramiya
  40. 43. ♀ Randivi
  41. 44. ♂ Rangiri born 1989-08-16
  42. 45. ♀ Rejina born 1982
  43. 46. ♂ Sajjana (twin) born 2021-08-31
  44. 47. ♀ Sama
  45. 48. ♀ Sama I born 1987-12-18
  46. 49. ♀ Sandalee (Sandali)
  47. 50. ♀ Sapumali born 1997
  48. 51. ♀ Shanthi
  49. 52. ♀ Shermi
  50. 53. ♀ Surangie
  51. 54. ♂ Suranimala
  52. 55. ♀ Thammenna
  53. 56. ♀ Thilaka
  54. 57. ⚪ Thilamalai
  55. 58. ⚪ unknown born 2011
  56. 59. ⚪ unknown born 2010
  57. 60. ⚪ unknown born 2011-00-00
  58. 61. ⚪ unknown born 2011
  59. 62. ⚪ unknown born 2011
  60. 63. ⚪ unknown born 2011
  61. 64. ⚪ unnamed born 2021-09-11
  62. 65. ⚪ Unnamed born 2024-03-20
  63. 66. ♂ Unnamed born 2011-07-16
  64. 67. ⚪ Unnamed born 2011-02-17
  65. 68. ♀ Uthpala born 1999-08-06
  66. 69. ♂ Wasamba born 1999-02-09

Offspring


  1. (M) 1997-02-07 Arjuna
  2. (F) 2001 Kema (Khema)
  3. (M) 2004-09-13 Senarath


Origin

Sukumali was born captive-born as birth number 1 1984-07-05 at Pinnawala elephant orphanage.

Parentage


Parents of Sukumali are: ♂ Vijaya (father) and ♀ Kumari (mother).

Siblings through the father Vijaya:

  1. 1987-12-18(F) Sama I
  2. 1989-08-16(M) Rangiri
  3. 1993-07-01(M) Esala
  4. 1994-04-16(F) Amali

Siblings through the mother Kumari:

  1. 1989-07-11 - † 1991-05-18 (M) Vikum
  2. 1993-07-01(M) Esala
  3. 2005 - † 2018-08-05 (M) Gajaba

Pedigree


Sukumalis ancestral Pedigree:
P I II III

Sukumali

Sire (f):
Vijaya

Born: 1963

Sire ff:


Born:
Sire fff:
Dame ffm:
Dame fm:


Born:
Sire fmf:
Dame fmm:

Dame m:
Kumari

Born: 1965

Sire mf:


Born:
Sire mff:
Dame mfm:
Dame mm:


Born:
Sire mmf:
Dame mmm:


Comments / pictures

Sukumali was the first captive born baby elephant in Pinnawala.

Reference list

References

Koehl, Dan, (2024). Sukumali, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Pinnawala elephant orphanage in Sri Lanka. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 22 July 2024 at https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=1833. (archived at the Wayback machine)


Sources used for this article is among others:

  • Geburt und Jugendendwicklung von Asiatischen Elefanten -Beoabachtungen aus der Pinnawela Elephant Sanctuary von Sri Lanka, Zeitschrift des Kölner Zoos, nr 2 1999, by Fred Kurt, Birgit Dastig, Sandra Petzhold, Julia Rastelli, Judith Schmelz, Verena Tragau
Links

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Categories1984 births | With Pedigree | Breeding cows | Elephants from Pinnawala elephant orphanage | Sri Lanka | Asian elephants


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