African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) at
Rome Zoo in Italy

dead elephant ☨ ♂ Toto  dead elephant

Alternative name: Jumbo
Taxidermy locationMuseo Civico di Zoologia, Roma, Italy


Museum accession number MCZR OS.1311


Species:African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana)
Sex and age:Male ♂

People killed:2
Born:* 1907? wild (unconfirmed claimed birth date)
Birth place: in Tanzania unspecified location
Capture: 1908 Southern German Tanganyika
Imported:1910 by Firma Carl Hagenbeck
Dead: 1939
Death reason: disease:
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Rome Zoo, in Italy

Date of arrival

1910-11-00Rome Zoo
from Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)

1910-00-00Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
from Firma Carl Hagenbeck

1910-00-00Firma Carl Hagenbeck
from Christoph Schulz

1908-04-21Christoph Schulz
from Hans Schomburgk

Record history
History of updates2021-09-26: Born in Asia

Latest document update2023-04-16 20:19:25
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Random literature

† Toto is a dead Male ♂ African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana), , who died 1939 at Rome Zoo, in Italy, .

Museum locationThe Museum specimen remains of this animal is within the collection at Museo Civico di Zoologia, in Roma, Italy, since 1939-00-00.


Toto was born wild at Tanzania unspecified location, captured 1908 , captured at Southern German Tanganyika. and imported 1910 by Firma Carl Hagenbeck

Comments / pictures

1908-04-21: Captured by Hans Schomburgk in German Tanganyika, after he shot the mother. Schomburgk bottle fed him with milk the first six months, named him Jumbo, and and then walked with him to Morogoro, from where they travelled with train to Dar Es Salaam. He was later sold in 1910 to Christoph Schulz, Carl Hagenbecks agent, who sold him to Firma Carl Hagenbeck, and had him transported to Hamburg in Germany.
1910 November: Arrived Rome Zoo from German Tanganyika.
1922: During a veterinary session for a shoulder problem, he killed his Veterinarian Dr. Canezza.
1928-07-02: Killed the elephant keeper Ivo Calavalle
Toto in Rome ZooToto with elephant keeper Ivo Calavalle.

1939: Found sudden death in sleeping position, in the spring of 1939.

Skeleton is conserved in the Civic Museum of Zoology.

Toto in Rome Zoo
Toto in Rome Zoo

Totos Skeleton is exhibited at the Museo Civico di Zoologia.

Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2023). Toto, African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) located at Rome Zoo in Italy. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 1 December 2023 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

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Categories1939 deaths | Museo Civico di Zoologia Taxidermy | Born in Tanzania | 1908 captures | 1910 imports | Elephants from Rome Zoo | Italy | Mankillers | African savanna elephants

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