Kolmarden Zoo, in Kolmarden, in Sweden, was founded in 1964, opened for public in 1965 and the first elephant arrived in 1964.
At Kolmarden Zoo lives 4 elephants with records in this database: (detail list)
1963: The first two asian elephants arrive, female Chocolate and the male Nobi in same age.
After 1963: After Nobi died, another female was bought, with the name Sandra or Samba, her later whereabots are presently unknown.
1967: Donkey arrives?
1967: Samba probably was sold this year (To Russia?). Dinah, Mable and Delhi/Dahlia arrives, together with Austrian elephant trainer Franz Tisch and danish elephant keeper Hans Romlund.
1973: 3 Africans arrive, which are displayed in the Safaripark.
1974: The 3 africans are moved to Stäpp stables. Kolmarden has 3 Africans and 4 Asians.
1970: Three Asian elephants were sold to Denmark; Mable, Delhi to a Zoo in Vejle (later to Givskude) and Dinah to Copenhagen Zoo, followed by the trainer Franz Tisch.
1974: 4 elephants; the asians Donkey and Chocolate, and the africans Noby and Gypsie, were transferred from the antelope stables to a new elephant house. Elephant keeper Sven Mellgren moved 1975 to Kolmarden from Skansen, where he had been trained by Sven Borg.
1985: Asian female elephant Mida arrives.
1990: A new elephant house, Kolosseum, were built in 1989-1990 and Sven Mellgren became head keeper of the section with elephants, rhinos, giraffes and other species. Elephant keeper Pelle Zettersten moved 1990 to Kolmården from Skansen, where he had been trained by Dan Koehl.
Putshi, female Asian elephant from Copenhagen zoo arrives.
1994: Brahma, male Asian elephant from Mysore zoo arrives.
Sven Mellgren became a victim of spine problems and sick leaves.
2000: Dan Koehl worked as elephant trainer on consultant contract, due to staff shortage, securing the elephant rides. This year also Sandai, Asian elephant from Duisburg zoo arrives.
Riding operations were provided from late sixties until 1970 with the Austrian elephant trainer Franz Tisch, later with Sven Mellgren as head keeper. A breeding group was developed in late 80s, with the bull Brahma, (who was managed in free contact) imported from Mysore in India as stud.
Unfortunately, just after the first cow was pregnant, the group started to get open infection of Tuberculosis. Due to Swedish regulations, the whole group was euthanized, animal by animal, after they started to show positive TB-test with trunk wash. After this the stable was in quarantine for some time, until the new elephant arrived from Thailand, a gift from the king of Thailand to the king of Sweden.
2004: 2 Asian females from Thailand arrives.
2007: Dan Koehl returned again, and Saba, Asian female from Zoo Le Pal in France arrives.
The new group consisted of Saba, Bua and Sao Noi. Saba was i protected contact until her arrival in Kolmården in november 2007. Photo: Emelie Olander.
From left: Saba, Sao Noi, and Bua. (elephant keeper Dan Koehl) Photo: Andreas Levestam
During 2007 and 2008 research was being made by biologist Karolina Bördin.
The aim with this study is to measure the elephants’ motivation for different kinds of environmental enrichment. This is done by letting the elephants pull a rope and thereby lift weights. If the elephant lifts the weights, she gets access to the enrichment. The test is repeated once every day, with increased weight, until the elephant has reached her ”maximum price”. So far two tests have been carried out; a comparator test with hay (Saonoi pulled 454 kg and Bua pulled 381 kg) and an enrichment test where the elephants opened the valve to a water hose (Saonoi pulled 309 kg and Bua pulled 236 kg). The next test will be on communication. Wild elephants communicate over large distances using infrasounds. To stimulate this behaviour in human care, an internet acoustic link will be established with a German zoo. This will offer Bua and Saonoi the opportunity to ”talk” to other elephants. Hopefully they will found this very interesting and stimulating!
Dan Koehl left the Zoo in 2010, and since some years the elephants in Kolmården are in Protected Contact.
2013 Namsai was born through AI from the bull Raja in Woburn, 2015 the elephant bull Tonsak was imported, and in 2020 Prince was born, with Tonsak as father.
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