The Zoological Institute in United States

Present selection >>>
The Zoological Institute

Closed down1837
Country United States
Random literature

The Zoological Institute, United States , was founded in 1835. The Zoological Institute closed down in 1837.

Comments / pictures1835: In an attempt at monopoly the leading menagerie and circus proprietors capitalized the Zoological Institute in January, 1835.
In 1835, the Zoological Institute absorbed all the menageries in the country - there were sixteen extant in 1834 - and ended the first phase of individual management.
1837: The words “Zoological Institute” appear in various show titles for several seasons after 1837, but there is no evidence that the association itself was still viable. The auction in Somers, New York, in August, 1837 of two menageries and one circus would seem to indicate the end of the Zoological Institute.

From then until the 1850s almost all the animal exhibits in the country were controlled by just two firms. By then, the circus and menagerie had been merged and with one or two exceptions each season the menagerie business had ceased to thrive.

On January 14, 1835, 128 of these men gathered at the Elephant Hotel in Somers to sign the Articles of Association of the Zoological Institute. Some pages of the document have not been scanned because extreme fading of the ink makes them almost unreadable; the transcript, however, is of the complete document.

While the economic panic of 1837 just two years later all but wiped out the Institute, the organization formalized the menagerie business, which eventually became the modern circus, and thus the Articles of Association document is arguably the “birth certificate” of the American circus.

References for records about The Zoological Institute

Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan (2021). The Zoological Institute, Elephant Encyclopedia. Available online at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

The Zoological Institute on

The Zoological Institute is mentioned on Elephant News:

DateLinks which opens in new window
2020-10-25On this date in maine history: oct. 25, 1836 - Elephant News

Search more with Google for The Zoological InstituteThe link will automatically include The Zoological Institute and open a new browser window.

Search more on the Internet Web for The Zoological InstituteThe link will automatically include The Zoological Institute and open a new browser window

Categories circus in United States | United States Portal | northamerica Portal

About this documentThis document was updated: 2020-10-30 07:03:11 with valid HTML5 Valid CSS

Elephant Encyclopedia and database

Established 1995
Established 2006
Your ip: