African forest elephant

Loxodonta cyclotis

Species belonging to the family of elephants, named by Matschie, 1900.

African forest elephant
African forest elephant Dima in Frankfurt Zoo, Germany, 1976.

The African forest elephant was a subspecies - (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) - from the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) but is - or may may be soon - upgraded to a species on its own, Loxodonta cyclotis.

The African forest elephant has like the asian elephant four nails on the hindfeet and five nails on the frontfeet (which is more nails than than the african bush elephant (four front nails and three nails on the hind feet).

It has also more rounded ears, which may meet above the shoulders. The tusk of the is also straight and points down, and smaller and thinner than those of the african bush elephant.


elefanter i Dzanga-Sangha
The forest elephant has been researched by the zoologist Andrea Turkalo, who since the late 80´s has studied 2500 elelephants at Dzanga Bai in the National park Dzanga-Ndoki in the republic of Central africa.

1980 there was estimated 380 000 forest elephants, since then the human population was doubled in the forested countries, and today theres probably less than 200 000.

In december 2000 formed the environmental ministers in Camerun, Centralafrican Republic and Congo, a united migration corridor for the elephants, where they can walk hence and forth over the borders between the countries.

stature in the Reserve de Faune du Petit Loango, Gabon

APR 2003, Bethan J. Morgan, P.C. Lee, JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 259: 337-344 Part 4 (link)

Abstract: "The shoulder height of 53 identified elephants was measured using photogrammetric methods. The minimum estimated shoulder height was 69 cm from a young calf, and the tallest animal was 216 cm. Hind footprint length and boli diameter data were collected from unidentified individuals. The minimum footprint size was 12.5 cm and the largest 35.3 cm. Boli diameter ranged from 4.0 to 16.0 cm. A comparison of the size categories with those of savanna elephants in Amboseli National Park, Kenya, suggested a similar distribution of size, age and population structure, despite a marked difference in overall stature. These are the first data for measures of African forest elephant size compared to African savanna elephant size. Such data may add morphological evidence supporting recent genetic work suggesting that African forest elephants be re-classified as a distinct species from the African savanna elephant".

A male forest elephant touches a female to see if shes ready to mate
A male forest elephant touches a female to see if shes ready to mate
Michael Fay/National Geographic Image Collection
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85 African forest elephants kept in captivity.

NameSpecies
Sex
OriginAgeBirthDeath dateParentsArrivalPresent or last Location
+ -Mimi-LC
F
wild 14 years19992013-03-18 x 2010-05-13Yamaguchi Safariland
+ -Chari-LC
F
wild < 1 14 years20102010-08-00 x 2010-00-00S.O.S. Elephants of Chad elephant orphanage
+ -Coco (Philippe)-LC
M
wild 42 years19602002 x Sevilla Exotic animals reserve Castillo de las Guardas
+ -Saleh-LC
wild 42 years2001-05-00 x Mount Cameroon National Park
+ -Kony-LC
F
captive-born 12 years19882000Bozo x TicoAbidjan Zoo
+ -Azagny-LC
F
unknown 20 years19802000 x Abidjan Zoo
+ -Taya-LC
F
wild 6 years19942000 x Abidjan Zoo
+ -Jayne-LC
F
wild 6 years1999-04-07 x Mount Cameroon National Park
+ -Tico-LC
F
unknown 6 years1997-07-00 x Abidjan Zoo
+ -Guba-LC
F
wild 16 years19801996-02-07 x 1981-05-21Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
+ -Bozo-LC
M
unknown 16 years1993 x Abidjan Zoo
+ -Bozo-LC
M
unknown 16 years1993 x Abidjan Zoo
+ -Cosi (Bud)-LC
M
wild 20 years19711991-11-10 x 1972-06-19Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
+ -Carla-LC
F
wild 13 years19781991-03-18 x 1981-11-04Rome Zoo (Bioparco - Giardino Zoologico di Roma)
+ -Aqueessa-LC
F
wild 13 years1991-01-11 x 1980-05-06Madrid Zoo (Casa de Campo)
+ -Jumbo III-LC
M
wild 22 years19661988-12-18 x 1973-08-23Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
+ -Samson (Sammy)-LC
M
wild 18 years19691987 x 1987-00-00Randall Moore
+ -Gbaya (NGbaya)-LC
F
wild 27 years19581985-08-19 x 1961-09-11Duisburg Zoo
+ -Dima-LC
F
wild 26 years1953-00-001979-00-00 x 1954-00-00Frankfurt Zoo
+ -Ercolino-LC
M
wild 3 years19731976-12-24 x 1973-11-20Rome Zoo (Bioparco - Giardino Zoologico di Roma)
+ -Dzimbo-LC
M
wild 18 years19581976-09-28 x 1976-06-15Lion Country Safari, Inc - Florida
+ -Jimbo-LC
M
wild 7 years19691976-07-27 x 1972-10-27Prague Zoo (Zoo Praha)
+ -unknown-LC
wild 7 years1972? x 1961-00-00Brijuni Zoo (National Park)
+ -Doruma (Pinky)-LC
F
wild 32 years19381970-03-01 x 1946-10-08Bronx Zoo
+ -Abele (Emily)-LC
F
wild 15 years19411956-05-13 x 1947-06-26Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
+ -Gympy-LC
F
wild 25 years19291954-04-23 x 1932-00-00Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
+ -Zangelima (Barney)-LC
M
wild 20 years19321952-11-14 x 1946-10-08Bronx Zoo
+ -unknown-LC
F
wild 20 years1947-06-18 x 1947-00-00Howard Y. Bary
+ -Cäsar-LC
M
wild 20 years1945-03-30 x 1943-08-05Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
+ -Zombini-LC
F
wild 8 years19361944-09-19 x 1939-09-09Brookfield Zoo
+ -Zombie-LC
F
wild 9 years19341943-07-04 x 1939-09-09Brookfield Zoo
+ -Josephine-LC
F
wild 9 years1943-03-12 x 1925-04-04Philadelphia Zoo
+ -Pouquois (Puqua)-LC
F
wild 5 years19361941-11-05 x 1936-00-00Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
+ -Congo-LC
M
wild < 1 5 years19361937-02-00 x 1936-00-00Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
+ -unknown-LC
F
wild < 1 5 years19361936 x 1936-00-00Howard Y. Bary
+ -unknown-LC
F
wild < 1 5 years19361936 x 1936-00-00Howard Y. Bary
+ -unknown-LC
unknown 5 years1936 x 1936-00-00Howard Y. Bary
+ -Mampe-LC
M
wild 16 years19171933-11-11 x 1926-00-00Berlin Zoo
+ -Tiny-LC
F
wild 13 years1920-041933-03-02 x 1922-12-06Bronx Zoo
+ -Kribi-LC
M
wild 7 years19121919 x 1912-00-00Berlin Zoo
+ -unknown-LC
M
wild 7 years1917-06-23 x 1914-07-28Berlin Zoo
+ -Congo-LC
M
wild 15 years19001915-11-03 x 1905-06-28Bronx Zoo
+ -unknown-LC
M
wild 15 years1907-05-11 x 1899-00-00Berlin Zoo
+ -unknown-LC
F
unknown 17 years16641681-01-22 x 1665-00-00Versailles menagerie (Louis XIV of France)
-Can-LC
M
captive-born 22 years1992Bozo x Azagny1992-00-00Abidjan Zoo
+ -Jambo II-LC
wild 22 years1955 x 1960-09-22Berlin Zoo
-unknown-LC
F
wild x 2010-05-13Tokuyama Municipal Zoo
-Solna-LC
M
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Annissa-LC
F
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Uppsala-LC
F
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Kadin-LC
F
wild x Waza National Park
-Doudjatou-LC
F
wild x Benoue National Park
-Afanere-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Oldiri-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Ikwa-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Mondjabo-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Bongo-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Mbiado Providence-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Jengi-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Zhanar-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Djako Patience-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Djembe-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Falama-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Mahamat-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Dii-LC
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Desiré-LC
F
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Robinson-LC
M
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Robert-LC
M
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Martin-LC
M
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Loomis-LC
M
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Glenda-LC
F
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Joseph-LC
M
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Charles II-LC
M
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Charles-LC
M
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Carolina-LC
F
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Hamadou-LC
M
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Eka-LC
F
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
-Habsatu-LC
F
wild x Mount Cameroon National Park
+ -Maria-LC
F
wild x 1921-10-28Antwerp Zoo (Zoo Antwerpen Dierentuin)
+ -Sassa-LC
M
wild x Mr. Costa sawmill
+ -Babar-LC
M
wild1956 x 1960-00-00Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo)
-May-LC
F
wild 15 years1999 x 2001-05-13Hiroshima City Zoo (Asa Zoological Park)
-Dai-LC
M
wild 15 years1999 x 2010-05-13Yamaguchi Safariland
-Savu-LC
F
wild x 2010-06-00S.O.S. Elephants of Chad elephant orphanage
-Baghdad-LC
M
x Ivindo National Park



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