African forest elephant

Loxodonta cyclotis

Species belonging to the family of elephants, named by Matschie, 1900.

Down below are lists of living Forest elephants in captivity, and list with dead Forest elephants displayed as taxidermy on Museums.

African forest elephant
African forest elephant Dima in Frankfurt Zoo, Germany, 1976.

The African forest elephant was a subspecies - (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) - from the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) but was recently upgraded to a species on its own, Loxodonta cyclotis.

The African forest elephant has like the asian elephant four nails on the hindfeet and five nails on the frontfeet (which is more nails than than the african bush elephant (four front nails and three nails on the hind feet).

It has also more rounded ears, which may meet above the shoulders. The tusk of the is also straight and points down, and smaller and thinner than those of the african bush elephant.


elefanter i Dzanga-Sangha
The forest elephant has been researched by the zoologist Andrea Turkalo, who since the late 80s has studied 2500 elelephants at Dzanga Bai in the National park Dzanga-Ndoki in the republic of Central africa.

1980 there was estimated 380 000 forest elephants, since then the human population was doubled in the forested countries, and today theres probably less than 200 000.

In december 2000 formed the environmental ministers in Camerun, Centralafrican Republic and Congo, a united migration corridor for the elephants, where they can walk hence and forth over the borders between the countries.

stature in the Reserve de Faune du Petit Loango, Gabon

APR 2003, Bethan J. Morgan, P.C. Lee, JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 259: 337-344 Part 4 (link)

Abstract: "The shoulder height of 53 identified elephants was measured using photogrammetric methods. The minimum estimated shoulder height was 69 cm from a young calf, and the tallest animal was 216 cm. Hind footprint length and boli diameter data were collected from unidentified individuals. The minimum footprint size was 12.5 cm and the largest 35.3 cm. Boli diameter ranged from 4.0 to 16.0 cm. A comparison of the size categories with those of savanna elephants in Amboseli National Park, Kenya, suggested a similar distribution of size, age and population structure, despite a marked difference in overall stature. These are the first data for measures of African forest elephant size compared to African savanna elephant size. Such data may add morphological evidence supporting recent genetic work suggesting that African forest elephants be re-classified as a distinct species from the African savanna elephant".

100 Living African forest elephants kept in captivity.

Index Sex Species Name Id Origin Arrival Location
1† ♀ LC -Mimi-

Born wild 1999 x Dead 2013-03-182010-05-13 Yamaguchi Safariland
2† ♀ LC -Mari?-

Born wild x Dead 2012-02-182010-05-13 Tokuyama Municipal Zoo
3† ♀ LC -Chari-

Born wild < 1 2010 x Dead 2010-08-002010-00-00 S.O.S. Elephants of Chad elephant orphanage
4† ♂ LC -Coco (Philippe)-

Born wild 1960 x Dead 2002 Sevilla Exotic animals reserve
5† ⚪ LC -Saleh-

Born wild x Dead 2001-05-00 Mount Cameroon National Park
6† ♀ LC -Kony-

Born captive-born 1988 Bozo x Tico Dead 2000 Abidjan Zoo
7† ♀ LC -Azagny-

Born unknown 1980 x Dead 2000 Abidjan Zoo
8† ♀ LC -Taya-

Born wild 1994 x Dead 2000 Abidjan Zoo
9† ♀ LC -Jayne-

Born wild x Dead 1999-04-07 Mount Cameroon National Park
10† ♀ LC -Tico-

Born unknown x Dead 1997-07-00 Abidjan Zoo
11† ♂ LC -Guba-

Born wild 1980 x Dead 1996-02-071981-05-21 Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
12† ♂ LC -Bozo-

Born unknown x Dead 1993 Abidjan Zoo
13† ♂ LC -Bozo-

Born unknown x Dead 1993 Abidjan Zoo
14† ♂ LC -Cosi (Bud)-

SSP id: 116
Born wild 1971 x Dead 1991-11-101972-06-19 Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
15† ♀ LC -Carla-

Born wild 1978 x Dead 1991-03-181981-11-04 Rome Zoo
16† ♀ LC -Aqueessa-

Born wild x Dead 1991-01-111980-05-06 Madrid Zoo (Casa de Campo)
17† ♂ LC -Jumbo III-

Born wild 1966 x Dead 1988-12-181973-08-23 Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
18† ♂ LC -Samson (Sammy)-

SSP id: 342
Born wild 1969 x Dead 19871987-00-00 Randall Moore
19† ♀ LC -Gbaya (NGbaya)-

Born wild 1958 x Dead 1985-08-191961-09-11 Duisburg Zoo
20† ♀ LC -Jambo II-

Born wild 1955 x Dead 1982-05-181960-09-22 Berlin Zoo
21† ♂ LC -Doly-

Born unknown x Dead 1979-06-00 Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center
22† ♀ LC -Dima-

Born wild 1953-00-00 x Dead 1979-00-001954-00-00 Frankfurt Zoo
23† ♂ LC -Ercolino-

Born wild 1973 x Dead 1976-12-241973-11-20 Rome Zoo
24† ♂ LC -Dzimbo-

SSP id: 30
Born wild 1958 x Dead 1976-09-281976-06-15 Lion Country Safari, Inc - Florida
25† ♂ LC -Jimbo-

Born wild 1969 x Dead 1976-07-271972-10-27 Prague Zoo (Zoo Praha)
26† ⚪ LC -unknown-

Born wild x Dead 1972?1961-00-00 Brijuni Zoo (National Park)
27† ♀ LC -Doruma (Pinky)-

SSP id: 313
Born wild 1938 x Dead 1970-03-011946-10-08 Bronx Zoo
28† ♀ LC -Namanga-

Born wild x Dead 1961-07-041956-00-00 Naples Zoo
29† ♀ LC -Abele-

Born wild 1941 x Dead 1956-05-131947-06-26 Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
30† ⚪ LC -Mukkei-

Born unknown x Dead 1955 Naples Zoo
31† ♀ LC -Gympy-

SSP id: 309
Born wild 1929 x Dead 1954-04-231932-00-00 Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
32† ♂ LC -Zangelima (Barney)-

Born wild 1932 x Dead 1952-11-141946-10-08 Bronx Zoo
33† ♀ LC -unknown-

Born wild x Dead 1947-06-181947-00-00 Howard Y. Bary
34† ♂ LC -Caesar (Cäsar)-

Born wild x Dead 1945-03-301943-08-05 Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
35† ♀ LC -Zombini-

SSP id: 10
Born wild 1936 x Dead 1944-09-191939-09-09 Brookfield Zoo
36† ♀ LC -Zombie-

Local id: Field #: 218471 SSP id: 8
Born wild 1934 x Dead 1943-07-041939-09-09 Brookfield Zoo
37† ♀ LC -Josephine-

SSP id: 5
Born wild x Dead 1943-03-121925-04-04 Philadelphia Zoo
38† ♀ LC -Pouquois (Puqua)-

Born wild 1936 x Dead 1941-11-051936-00-00 Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
39† ♂ LC -Congo-

Born wild < 1 1936 x Dead 1937-02-001936-00-00 Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
40† ♀ LC -unknown-

Born wild < 1 1936 x Dead 19361936-00-00 Howard Y. Bary
41† ♀ LC -unknown-

Born wild < 1 1936 x Dead 19361936-00-00 Howard Y. Bary
42† ⚪ LC -unknown-

Born unknown x Dead 19361936-00-00 Howard Y. Bary
43† ♂ LC -Mampe-

Born wild 1917 x Dead 1933-11-111926-00-00 Berlin Zoo
44† ♀ LC -Tiny-

Born wild 1920-04 x Dead 1933-03-021922-12-06 Bronx Zoo
45† ♂ LC -Peter-

Born wild 1927-01 x Dead 1929-08-011929-07-30 Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
46† ♂ LC -Kribi-

Born wild 1912 x Dead 19191912-00-00 Berlin Zoo
47† ♂ LC -unknown-

Born wild x Dead 1917-06-231914-07-28 Berlin Zoo
48† ♂ LC -Congo-

SSP id: 302
Born wild 1900 x Dead 1915-11-031905-06-28 Bronx Zoo
49† ♂ LC -unknown-

Born wild x Dead 1907-05-111899-00-00 Berlin Zoo
50† ♀ LC -unknown-

Born unknown 1664 x Dead 1681-01-221665-00-00 Versailles menagerie
51♀ LC -Can-

Born captive-born 1992 Bozo x Azagny Alive 1992-00-00 Abidjan Zoo
52♀ LC -Kadin-

Born wild x Alive Waza National Park
53♀ LC -Doudjatou-

Born wild x Alive Benoue National Park
54† ♂ LC -Sassa-

Born wild x Alive Mr. Costa sawmill
55♂ LC -Dai-

Born wild 1999 x Alive 2010-05-13 Yamaguchi Safariland
56♀ LC -Savu-

Born wild x Alive 2010-06-00 S.O.S. Elephants of Chad elephant orphanage
57♂ LC -Baghdad-

Born x Alive Ivindo National Park
58♀ LC -Domina-

Born unknown x Alive Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center
59♀ LC -Kiko-

Born unknown x Alive Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center
60♀ LC -Kumba-

Born unknown x Alive Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center
61♀ LC -Lukutu-

Born unknown x Alive Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center
62♀ LC -Lwiro-

Born unknown x Alive Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center
63♀ LC -Nakoto-

Born unknown x Alive Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center
64♀ LC -Wando-

Born unknown x Alive Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center
65♀ LC -Zombi-

Born unknown x Alive Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center
66♂ LC -Solna-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
67♀ LC -Annissa-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
68♀ LC -Uppsala-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
69⚪ LC -Afanere-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
70⚪ LC -Oldiri-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
71⚪ LC -Ikwa-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
72⚪ LC -Mondjabo-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
73⚪ LC -Bongo-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
74⚪ LC -Mbiado Providence-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
75⚪ LC -Jengi-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
76⚪ LC -Zhanar-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
77⚪ LC -Djako Patience-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
78⚪ LC -Djembe-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
79⚪ LC -Falama-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
80⚪ LC -Mahamat-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
81⚪ LC -Dii-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
82♀ LC -Desiré-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
83♂ LC -Robinson-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
84♂ LC -Robert-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
85♂ LC -Martin-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
86♂ LC -Loomis-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
87♀ LC -Glenda-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
88♂ LC -Joseph-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
89♂ LC -Charles II-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
90♂ LC -Charles-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
91♀ LC -Carolina-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
92♂ LC -Hamadou-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
93♀ LC -Eka-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
94♀ LC -Habsatu-

Born wild x Alive Mount Cameroon National Park
95† ♀ LC -Maria-

Born wild x Alive 1921-10-28 Antwerp Zoo
96† ♂ LC -Babar-

Born wild 1956 x Alive 1960-00-00 Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo)
97♀ LC -May-

Born wild 1999 x Alive 2001-05-13 Hiroshima City Zoo (Asa Zoological Park)
98† ⚪ LC -unknown-

Born unknown x Alive Vrijburgh royal menagerie
99⚪ LC -unknown-

Born wild 1963-12-00 x Alive 1963-12-13 Ibadan Zoo
100† ♀ LC -Barria-

Born wild x Alive 1956-00-00 Naples Zoo



8 Forest elephant in taxidermy collections

IndexNameSexOriginAgeBirthDeath dateArrivalPresent or last Location
1-Ercolino-M 1976-12-00Museo Civico di Zoologia
2-Doruma (Pinky)-F 1970-03-01Bronx Zoo
3-Mukkei-unknown 1956-00-00Museo Civico di Zoologia
4-Zombie-F 1943-07-04Field Museum
5-Josephine-F 1943-03-12Washington National Museum of Natural History
6-Tiny-F 1933-03-02Bronx Zoo
7-Congo-M 1915-11-03Bronx Zoo
8-unknown-F 1681-00-00Paris National Museum of Natural History


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