African forest elephant

Loxodonta cyclotis

Species belonging to the family of elephants, named by Matschie, 1900.

African forest elephant
African forest elephant Dima in Frankfurt Zoo, Germany, 1976.

The African forest elephant was a subspecies - (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) - from the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) but is - or may may be soon - upgraded to a species on its own, Loxodonta cyclotis.

The African forest elephant has like the asian elephant four nails on the hindfeet and five nails on the frontfeet (which is more nails than than the african bush elephant (four front nails and three nails on the hind feet).

It has also more rounded ears, which may meet above the shoulders. The tusk of the is also straight and points down, and smaller and thinner than those of the african bush elephant.


elefanter i Dzanga-Sangha
The forest elephant has been researched by the zoologist Andrea Turkalo, who since the late 80s has studied 2500 elelephants at Dzanga Bai in the National park Dzanga-Ndoki in the republic of Central africa.

1980 there was estimated 380 000 forest elephants, since then the human population was doubled in the forested countries, and today theres probably less than 200 000.

In december 2000 formed the environmental ministers in Camerun, Centralafrican Republic and Congo, a united migration corridor for the elephants, where they can walk hence and forth over the borders between the countries.

stature in the Reserve de Faune du Petit Loango, Gabon

APR 2003, Bethan J. Morgan, P.C. Lee, JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 259: 337-344 Part 4 (link)

Abstract: "The shoulder height of 53 identified elephants was measured using photogrammetric methods. The minimum estimated shoulder height was 69 cm from a young calf, and the tallest animal was 216 cm. Hind footprint length and boli diameter data were collected from unidentified individuals. The minimum footprint size was 12.5 cm and the largest 35.3 cm. Boli diameter ranged from 4.0 to 16.0 cm. A comparison of the size categories with those of savanna elephants in Amboseli National Park, Kenya, suggested a similar distribution of size, age and population structure, despite a marked difference in overall stature. These are the first data for measures of African forest elephant size compared to African savanna elephant size. Such data may add morphological evidence supporting recent genetic work suggesting that African forest elephants be re-classified as a distinct species from the African savanna elephant".

A male forest elephant touches a female to see if shes ready to mate
A male forest elephant touches a female to see if shes ready to mate
Michael Fay/National Geographic Image Collection
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86 African forest elephants kept in captivity.

IndexNameSpecies
Sex
OriginAgeBirthDeath dateParentsArrivalPresent or last Location
1+ ♀ -Mimi-LC
F
wild 14 years(very wrong, db errors...)19992013-03-18 x 2010-05-13Yamaguchi Safariland
2+ ♀ -Mari?-LC
F
wild 14 years(very wrong, db errors...)2012-02-18 x 2010-05-13Tokuyama Municipal Zoo
3+ ♀ -Chari-LC
F
wild < 1 14 years(very wrong, db errors...)20102010-08-00 x 2010-00-00S.O.S. Elephants of Chad elephant orphanage
4+ ♂ -Coco (Philippe)-LC
M
wild 42 years(very wrong, db errors...)19602002 x Sevilla Exotic animals reserve
5+ ⚪ -Saleh-LC
wild 42 years(very wrong, db errors...)2001-05-00 x Mount Cameroon National Park
6+ ♀ -Kony-LC
F
captive-born 12 years(very wrong, db errors...)19882000Bozo x TicoAbidjan Zoo
7+ ♀ -Azagny-LC
F
unknown 20 years(very wrong, db errors...)19802000 x Abidjan Zoo
8+ ♀ -Taya-LC
F
wild 6 years(very wrong, db errors...)19942000 x Abidjan Zoo
9+ ♀ -Jayne-LC
F
wild 6 years(very wrong, db errors...)1999-04-07 x Mount Cameroon National Park
10+ ♀ -Tico-LC
F
unknown 6 years(very wrong, db errors...)1997-07-00 x Abidjan Zoo
11+ ♂ -Guba-LC
M
wild 16 years(very wrong, db errors...)19801996-02-07 x 1981-05-21Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
12+ ♂ -Bozo-LC
M
unknown 16 years(very wrong, db errors...)1993 x Abidjan Zoo
13+ ♂ -Bozo-LC
M
unknown 16 years(very wrong, db errors...)1993 x Abidjan Zoo
14+ ♂ -Cosi (Bud)-LC
M
wild 20 years(very wrong, db errors...)19711991-11-10 x 1972-06-19Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
15+ ♀ -Carla-LC
F
wild 13 years(very wrong, db errors...)19781991-03-18 x 1981-11-04Rome Zoo (Bioparco - Giardino Zoologico di Roma)
16+ ♀ -Aqueessa-LC
F
wild 13 years(very wrong, db errors...)1991-01-11 x 1980-05-06Madrid Zoo (Casa de Campo)
17+ ♂ -Jumbo III-LC
M
wild 22 years(very wrong, db errors...)19661988-12-18 x 1973-08-23Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
18+ ♂ -Samson (Sammy)-LC
M
wild 18 years(very wrong, db errors...)19691987 x 1987-00-00Randall Moore
19+ ♀ -Gbaya (NGbaya)-LC
F
wild 27 years(very wrong, db errors...)19581985-08-19 x 1961-09-11Duisburg Zoo
20+ ♀ -Jambo II-LC
F
wild 27 years(very wrong, db errors...)19551982-05-18 x 1960-09-22Berlin Zoo
21+ ♀ -Dima-LC
F
wild 26 years(very wrong, db errors...)1953-00-001979-00-00 x 1954-00-00Frankfurt Zoo
22+ ♂ -Ercolino-LC
M
wild 3 years(very wrong, db errors...)19731976-12-24 x 1973-11-20Rome Zoo (Bioparco - Giardino Zoologico di Roma)
23+ ♂ -Dzimbo-LC
M
wild 18 years(very wrong, db errors...)19581976-09-28 x 1976-06-15Lion Country Safari, Inc - Florida
24+ ♂ -Jimbo-LC
M
wild 7 years(very wrong, db errors...)19691976-07-27 x 1972-10-27Prague Zoo (Zoo Praha)
25+ ⚪ -unknown-LC
wild 7 years(very wrong, db errors...)1972? x 1961-00-00Brijuni Zoo (National Park)
26+ ♀ -Doruma (Pinky)-LC
F
wild 32 years(very wrong, db errors...)19381970-03-01 x 1946-10-08Bronx Zoo
27+ ♀ -Abele (Emily)-LC
F
wild 15 years(very wrong, db errors...)19411956-05-13 x 1947-06-26Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
28+ ♀ -Gympy-LC
F
wild 25 years(very wrong, db errors...)19291954-04-23 x 1932-00-00Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
29+ ♂ -Zangelima (Barney)-LC
M
wild 20 years(very wrong, db errors...)19321952-11-14 x 1946-10-08Bronx Zoo
30+ ♀ -unknown-LC
F
wild 20 years(very wrong, db errors...)1947-06-18 x 1947-00-00Howard Y. Bary
31+ ♂ -Caesar (Cäsar)-LC
M
wild 20 years(very wrong, db errors...)1945-03-30 x 1943-08-05Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
32+ ♀ -Zombini-LC
F
wild 8 years(very wrong, db errors...)19361944-09-19 x 1939-09-09Brookfield Zoo
33+ ♀ -Zombie-LC
F
wild 9 years(very wrong, db errors...)19341943-07-04 x 1939-09-09Brookfield Zoo
34+ ♀ -Josephine-LC
F
wild 9 years(very wrong, db errors...)1943-03-12 x 1925-04-04Philadelphia Zoo
35+ ♀ -Pouquois (Puqua)-LC
F
wild 5 years(very wrong, db errors...)19361941-11-05 x 1936-00-00Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
36+ ♂ -Congo-LC
M
wild < 1 5 years(very wrong, db errors...)19361937-02-00 x 1936-00-00Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
37+ ♀ -unknown-LC
F
wild < 1 5 years(very wrong, db errors...)19361936 x 1936-00-00Howard Y. Bary
38+ ♀ -unknown-LC
F
wild < 1 5 years(very wrong, db errors...)19361936 x 1936-00-00Howard Y. Bary
39+ ⚪ -unknown-LC
unknown 5 years(very wrong, db errors...)1936 x 1936-00-00Howard Y. Bary
40+ ♂ -Mampe-LC
M
wild 16 years(very wrong, db errors...)19171933-11-11 x 1926-00-00Berlin Zoo
41+ ♀ -Tiny-LC
F
wild 13 years(very wrong, db errors...)1920-041933-03-02 x 1922-12-06Bronx Zoo
42+ ♂ -Kribi-LC
M
wild 7 years(very wrong, db errors...)19121919 x 1912-00-00Berlin Zoo
43+ ♂ -unknown-LC
M
wild 7 years(very wrong, db errors...)1917-06-23 x 1914-07-28Berlin Zoo
44+ ♂ -Congo-LC
M
wild 15 years(very wrong, db errors...)19001915-11-03 x 1905-06-28Bronx Zoo
45+ ♂ -unknown-LC
M
wild 15 years(very wrong, db errors...)1907-05-11 x 1899-00-00Berlin Zoo
46+ ♀ -unknown-LC
F
unknown 17 years(very wrong, db errors...)16641681-01-22 x 1665-00-00Versailles menagerie
47-Can-LC
F
captive-born 17 years(very wrong, db errors...)1992Bozo x Azagny1992-00-00Abidjan Zoo
48-Kadin-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Waza National Park
49-Doudjatou-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Benoue National Park
50+ ♂ -Sassa-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mr. Costa sawmill
51-May-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...)1999 x 2001-05-13Hiroshima City Zoo (Asa Zoological Park)
52-Dai-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...)1999 x 2010-05-13Yamaguchi Safariland
53-Savu-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x 2010-06-00S.O.S. Elephants of Chad elephant orphanage
54+ ⚪ -unknown-LC
unknown
unknown 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Vrijburgh royal menagerie
55-Baghdad-LC
M
17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Ivindo National Park
56-Solna-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
57-Annissa-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
58-Uppsala-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
59-Afanere-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
60-Oldiri-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
61-Ikwa-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
62-Mondjabo-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
63-Bongo-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
64-Mbiado Providence-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
65-Jengi-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
66-Zhanar-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
67-Djako Patience-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
68-Djembe-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
69-Falama-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
70-Mahamat-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
71-Dii-LC
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
72-Desiré-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
73-Robinson-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
74-Robert-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
75-Martin-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
76-Loomis-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
77-Glenda-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
78-Joseph-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
79-Charles II-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
80-Charles-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
81-Carolina-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
82-Hamadou-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
83-Eka-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
84-Habsatu-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x Mount Cameroon National Park
85+ ♀ -Maria-LC
F
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...) x 1921-10-28Antwerp Zoo
86+ ♂ -Babar-LC
M
wild 17 years(very wrong, db errors...)1956 x 1960-00-00Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo)


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