Elephants at camp locations in Thailand


112 camp locations has kept elephants in Thailand
There is presently 1062 (266,590) living elephants in camp locations in Thailand (in this database)

Region: Thailand is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

Thailand has about 1600 (min. NA, max. 2000) wild elephants. Source:Sompoad Srikosamatara, (2010)

Location holdings:

112 camp locations has kept 1172 elephants in Thailand

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in camp locations1062 (266,590) living110 (39,66) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  266 / 1062 
 25%
 Female  590 / 1062 
 56%
 Free contact  996 / 1062 
 94%
 Protected contact  0 / 1062  0%
 No contact  0 / 1062  0%
 Unknown contact  6 / 1062 
 1%
 wild  20 / 1062 
 2%


Phu is a Karen word for a male elephant.

"Chang Pang" is a female elephant without tusks. There are females with a bit of tusks called "Khanai".

"Chang Plai" is a male elephant with tusks.

Chang Mae is the Thai word for mother and is added to the name after her first child is born.

Wild elephants


1996: 1 200-1 500 (Santiapillai, IUCN1996).
2002: 1000 elephants Lohanan (2002)
2010: 1600 Sompoad Srikosamatara, 2010

53 elephants were known to have been killed in Thailand in the wild from 1992 to 1997, 24 for their tusks.

captive population


In 1884, the north of Thailand alone had more than 20,000 captive elephants.

1965: the Department of Livestock Development reported that there were only 11,192 captive elephants.

1959-1969: 1138 elephants were legally exported (Storer 1981)

1979: Two female elephants (2 and ~ years old) were exported by the Dusit Zoo, Bangkok, to the Irish capitals Royal Zoological Society, in trade for 2 giraffes on 3 July, 1979. (Storer 1981)

1985: Later, in 1985, the number decreased to only 3,381.

1989: teak logging operations became banned, and some 2 000 elephants and owners became unemployed, in about the same time when tourism reached very high numbers, and those elephants became transferred into tourism activities in more than 100 camps and "elephant villages" (Baan Chaang).

1997: 2,180 left (Puttipong Khawnual 2005)

2012: 26 elephants without registration papers were confiscated and impounded at the Thai Elephant Conservation Center (TECC). At the March 13th National Elephant Day symposium in Bangkok, the DNP Chief estimated that 10% of the captive elephants in Thailand are not registered.

2014: a total of 4,435 elephants had the owner record. For the past 6 years, the birth rate (62.67±10.69) was higher than the dead rate (23.83±8.01) (p<0.0001). (Weerasak Pintawongs)

A typical elephant is valued at 400,000 baht ($1,200) and a baby (under 5 years) may cost upto 1 million baht (2010)

Export of elephants


1965: 76, 1966: 74, 1967: 77, 1968: 49, 1969: 52, 1970: 88, 1971: 84, 1972: 113, 1973: 43, 1974: 22, 1975: 12, 1976: 4 (Source: Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, (Anon, 1994d) and earlier years of the same annual publication. via Lair, Richard, FAO: http://www.fao.org/3/ac774e/ac774e0h.htm)

According to CITES trade database, exports 1980-2020: 1980: 1 (USA), 1981: 3 (USA+Soviet Union), 1982: 2 (Japan), 1986: 2 (India), 1987: 2 (Germany+Japan), 1988: 4 (Japan), 1989: 3 (Japan), 1990: 2 (Hong Kong), 1991: 2 (Hong Kong), 1993: 2 (Japan), 1994: 3 (Japan+USA), 1995: 9 (China+Israel+Japan+Myanmar+USA), 1996: 22 (China+Japan+Myanmar), 1997: 17 (India+Israel+Japan+Myanmar), 1998: 10 (China+Japan), 1999: 10 (Canada+China+Japan+S. Korea), 2000: 17 (China+Japan+Sri Lanka), 2001: 14 (Denmark+Sri Lanka+S. Korea; 9 elephants to Korea origin from Laos) 2002: 19 (Japan+Philippines), 2003: 15 (Japan+Myanmar), 2004: 26 (China+Japan+Myanmar+Sweden), 2005: 12 (China+Japan), 2006: 20 (Australia+China+Germany+Japan), 2008: 3 (S. Korea, origin from Laos), 2009: 4 (Canada+Japan), 2012: 3 (S. Korea), 2013: 3 (S. Korea), 2015: 1 (Japan, origin from Laos)
(Source: CITES trade database)


Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in Thailand. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2020) available online retrieved at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=Thailand.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others


Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in Thailand (From the sister site Elephant News)

  • NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
    Amazing Bukit Safari
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPhuketPhuket
    Anantara Golden Triangles Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 49 elephants
    , 29 present (3,26)4 births19 relocated1 deathscampChiang Rai
    (map)
    Asia Safari Park Elephant Village
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKhao LakPhangnga
    At Hill Adventures
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 9 present (1,8)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChalongMuang Phuket
    ATV Seaview Elephant Trekking Camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampPhuketPhuket
    Aummarin Jungle Raft Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births2 relocated0 deathscampMaetaengMae Taeng districtChiangmai ProvinceNorthern Thailand
    Ayutthaya elephant camp
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 9 present (3,6)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampAyutthaya
    Ayutthaya Royal Elephant Kraal
    Kept totally 162 elephants
    , 94 present (25,68)83 births45 relocated23 deathscampPhaniat, Ayutthaya
    (map)
    Baan Chang Elephant Park
    Kept totally 25 elephants
    , 24 present (7,16)10 births1 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Mae Taeng districtChiangmai ProvinceNorthern Thailand
    Baan chang elephant trekking camp (Koh Samui)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKoh Samui
    (map)
    Surat Thani ProvinceSouthern Thailand
    Baan Kwan Chang (Klong Son Elephant Camp)
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 5 present (0,2)4 births4 relocated0 deathscampTrat
    (map)
    Ko Chang DistrictSouthern Thailand
    Ban Talat unspecified owner
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0)1 births0 relocated0 deathscampPalin
    Bang Pae Safari and Elephant Trekking camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPhuket
    (map)
    Thalang DistrictPhuket ProvinceSouthern Thailand
    BLES (Boon Lotts Elephant Sanctuary)
    Kept totally 29 elephants
    , 9 present (3,6)1 births7 relocated13 deathscampSukhothai
    (map)
    Si Satchanalai DistrictSukhothai ProvinceNorthern Thailand
    Camp Chang Kalim
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 3 present (1,2)0 births2 relocated0 deathscampPhuket
    (map)
    Kathu DistrictPhuket ProvinceSouthern Thailand
    Chai Lai Orchid elephant camp
    Kept totally 11 elephants
    , 11 present (1,10)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Chang Wang Po Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKanchanaburi
    (map)
    Sai Yok DistrictKanchanaburi ProvinceWestern Thailand
    ChangChill
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Mae Wang District
    Chiang Dao Elephant Training Centre
    Kept totally 32 elephants
    , 31 present (0,1)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Mae Taeng DistrictNorthern Thailand
    Chiang Mai Elephant Retirement Park
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 6 present (1,4)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Mae Taeng DistrictChiang Mai ProvinceNorthern Thailand
    Chiang Rai Chang Puak Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChiang Rai
    Chok Chai Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 16 elephants
    , 16 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    Damnaen Saduak elephant camp (Damnernsaduak)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampRatchaburi
    Doi Pha Muang Wildlife Sanctuary
    Kept totally 31 elephants
    , 23 present (7,16)0 births1 relocated7 deathscampLampang
    Elephant Heaven Nature Park (Sangduen Chailert)
    Kept totally 11 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births9 relocated2 deathscampChiang Mai
    Elephant Life Experience (E.L.E.)
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 7 present (4,3)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChiang MaiChiang Mai
    Elephant Nature Park (ENP)
    Kept totally 133 elephants
    , 80 present (7,73)8 births19 relocated34 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Mae Taeng District
    Elephant Special Tours
    Kept totally 29 elephants
    , 9 present (3,6)9 births18 relocated2 deathscampTambol Mae Win, Mae Wang Sub-district
    (map)
    Sanpatong DistrictChiang Mai ProvinceNorthern Thailand
    Elephant Steps Chiangrai
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChiang Rai
    (map)
    Mae Chan District
    Erawan Elephant Retirement Park
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKanchanaburiKanchanaburi
    Ganesha Park
    Kept totally 10 elephants
    , 6 present (1,5)0 births1 relocated3 deathscamp
    (map)
    Mueang Kanchanaburi DistrictKanchanaburi
    GVI Elephant Rescue
    Kept totally 11 elephants
    , 6 present (1,5)1 births4 relocated1 deathscampChiang Mai
    Hat Yai Chang Puak Elephant Camp (Hat Yai)
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathscampHat Yai, Songkhla
    (map)
    Hua Hin Elephant Village Camp
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)1 births3 relocated0 deathscampHua Hin
    Huai Phueng elephant camp
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 6 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampHuai Phueng
    Hutsadin Elephant camp
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 5 present (1,4)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampHua HinPrachuab Khiri Khan
    Island Safari Tour (Koh Samui)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKoh SamuiKoh Samui
    Joys camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPaiMae Hong Son
    Jumbo elephant camp
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 3 present (0,3)1 births3 relocated0 deathscampAmphoe Mae TaengChiang Mai
    Jungle Raft elephant camp (Sangduen Chailert)
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathscamp
    Kanchanaburi Chang Puak Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampMueang
    (map)
    Kanchanaburi
    Kanchanaburi unspecified location
    Kept totally 14 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births14 relocated0 deathscampKanchanaburiKanchanaburi
    Kanta Elephant Sanctuary
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscamp
    (map)
    Kao Sok elephant hills camp
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 6 present (0,6)1 births0 relocated0 deathscampSuratthani
    Karen Elephant Experience park (Sadudee Serichevee)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Mae Wang DistrictChiang Mai ProvinceNorthern Thailand
    Karen Elephant Habitat
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births2 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Mae Wang DistrictChiang Mai ProvinceNorthern Thailand
    Karens Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPaiMae Hong Son
    Kata Noi elephant camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKata Noi, Phuket
    Khao Lak elephant camp
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 7 present (3,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKhao Lak
    Khao Sok elephant trekking camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKhao Sok National Park, Surat Thani
    Khun Chai Thong elephant village (Homestay)
    Kept totally 36 elephants
    , 36 present (1,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampBuriram
    (map)
    Kindred Spirit Elephant Sanctuary
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscamp
    (map)
    Kinnaree House elephant camp
    Kept totally 20 elephants
    , 20 present (1,3)2 births0 relocated0 deathscampPhuket
    Klong Jak elephant trekking
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,1)1 births0 relocated0 deathscampKo Lanta, Krabi Province
    Klong Plu Ban Chang camp (Chang Chutiman)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKoh ChangTrat province
    Koh Chang unspecified Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathscampKoh ChangTrat province
    Koh Samui unspecified Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)2 births7 relocated0 deathscampKoh SamuiSurat Thani Province, Southern Thailand
    Kok Chang Safari Elephant Trekking (Phuket Baan Chang)
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 3 present (1,2)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampPhuket
    (map)
    Phuket
    Kut Chang elephant camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    Lampang Young Elephant Training Center
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated1 deathscampLampang
    (map)
    Lampang Province
    Mae Wang Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 18 elephants
    , 17 present (2,3)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampMae Wang
    (map)
    Chiang Mai
    Maesa Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 90 elephants
    , 83 present (37,44)25 births6 relocated1 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Muang DistrictChiang Mai ProvinceNorthern Thailand
    Maetaeng Elephant Park (Mae Taeng)
    Kept totally 27 elephants
    , 19 present (8,8)6 births7 relocated1 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Maetaman Elephant Adventure
    Kept totally 61 elephants
    , 46 present (15,30)6 births15 relocated0 deathscampChiang MaiChiang Mai
    Maha Wang Chang Elephant Village
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampWanggrajaaSaiyok, Kanchanaburi
    Muang Sing Elephant Village
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSai YokKanchanaburi
    Na Jomtien Elephant Camp (Khao Chi Chan elephant center?)
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated2 deathscampPattayaChonburi
    Nois Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPaiMae Hong Son
    Nok Mueang elephant camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,3)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSurinSurin
    Pa Mai Deang Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    Pala-U forest elephant camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births3 relocated0 deathscampCha-AmPhetchaburi
    Pang Chang Kamala Elephant Camp Phuket
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKathuPhuket
    Pang Dang elephant camp
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 9 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChiang Dao
    Pang Kaew elephant camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSong PhraekMuang District, Phang Nga
    Pang Sealand elephant camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSong PhraekMuang District, Phang Nga
    Patara Elephant Farm
    Kept totally 22 elephants
    , 21 present (6,12)10 births1 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    (map)
    Hang Dong District
    Pattaya Elephant Village (Ban Chang Pattaya)
    Kept totally 29 elephants
    , 29 present (3,26)2 births0 relocated0 deathscampTambol Nong PruePattaya
    Pattaya Floating Market elephant camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPattayaMueang Pattaya, Chonburi
    Pattaya unspecified location
    Kept totally 18 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births17 relocated0 deathscampKatinlayChonburi Provinceeast coast of the Gulf of Thailand
    Phe Tour elephant camp
    Kept totally 16 elephants
    , 16 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampMae Hong Son
    Phu Thai Review Souvenir Market
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampPhuket
    Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary elephant camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampTambon Ban Tong
    (map)
    Bueng Kan’s Seka districtBueng Kan province
    Phuket Elephant Park
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated1 deathscampPhuket
    Pong Yaeng Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 5 present (0,0)1 births2 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    Ratchaburi Chang Puak Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampDamnoensaduakRatchaburi
    Ratchaburi unspecified location
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampRatchaburi
    Sai Yok Elephant Haven Kanchanaburi Project
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 9 present (1,7)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSai YokKanchanaburi
    Sairung Elephant Trekking
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKhao Lak
    Saiyok Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 53 elephants
    , 18 present (0,0)1 births35 relocated0 deathscampSai Yok
    (map)
    Kanchanaburi
    Samard camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPaiMae Hong Son
    Samui Elephant Sanctuary
    Kept totally 12 elephants
    , 11 present (0,10)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampKoh SamuiSurat Thani Province, Southern Thailand
    Sappraiwan Elephant Resort and Sanctuary
    Kept totally 20 elephants
    , 5 present (1,3)10 births14 relocated1 deathscampPhitsanulok
    (map)
    Satuek District unspecified owner
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)1 births2 relocated0 deathscamp
    (map)
    Satuek DistrictBuriram ProvinceIsan
    Siam Safari Chalong
    Kept totally 19 elephants
    , 18 present (2,3)3 births0 relocated1 deathscampChalong, Phuket
    Siam Safari Khao Sok
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (2,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSurat Thani
    Somboon Legacy Foundation
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChangwat
    (map)
    Kanchanaburi
    Somnuk Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 5 present (3,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSai YokKanchanaburi
    Suan Phung unspecified elephant camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births3 relocated0 deathscampRatchaburi
    Sumate Koh Lanta Yai Safari
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKoh Lanta
    (map)
    Krabi Province
    Surin elephant kingdom (Ban Ta Klang elephant village)
    Kept totally 133 elephants
    , 125 present (50,75)30 births8 relocated0 deathscampTatum
    (map)
    Tha Tum DistrictSurin ProvinceEast Thailand
    Surin elephant roundup (Sri Narong stadium)
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated1 deathscampSurinSurin
    Surin elephant study center (Baan Tha Klang Elephant Village)
    Kept totally 62 elephants
    , 53 present (26,27)2 births8 relocated1 deathscampTatum
    (map)
    Tha Tum DistrictSurin ProvinceEast Thailand
    Surin unspecified Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 125 elephants
    , 28 present (11,15)23 births92 relocated5 deathscampSurin
    (map)
    Taweechai Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKanchanaburi
    Thai Elephant Home
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)1 births0 relocated0 deathscampChiang MaiChiang Mai
    Thailand unspecified location
    Kept totally 139 elephants
    , 34 present (10,22)102 births99 relocated6 deathscamp
    (map)
    Theptam elephant camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (2,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSurinSurin
    Thoms Pai Elephant Camp Home Stay & Spa
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 4 present (0,4)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampMae Hong SonMae Hong Son Province
    Tong Bai Foundation (Ban Mae Sapok)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChiang MaiChiang Mai
    Tung La Kon elephant camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)1 births2 relocated0 deathscampChiang Mai
    Twins Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPaiMae Hong Son
    Wat Chan Karen Hill Tribe Lodge
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)1 births0 relocated0 deathscampMueang Phitsanulok District, Phitsanulok Province



    This document was updated: 2020-10-27 06:15:38


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